Hunchun National Reserve (winter)
Basic information
Sample name: Hunchun National Reserve (winter)

Reference: H. Yang, X. Zhao, B. Han, T. Wang, P. Mou, J. Ge, and L. Feng. 2018. Spatiotemporal patterns of Amur leopards in northeast China: Influence of tigers, prey, and humans. Mammalian Biology 92:120-128 [ER 3324]
Country: China
State: Jilin

Coordinate: 43° 0' N, 130° 44' E
Basis of coordinate: stated in text as range
Geography comments: a 1087 km2 reserve "in the northern portion of the Changbai Mountains"
Climate and habitat
Habitat: temperate broadleaf/mixed forest
Protection: nature reserve
Substrate: ground surface
Disturbance: agriculture, grazing, hunting
Habitat comments: "The major vegetation types included deciduous birch (Betula linn.) and oak (Quercus mongolica) forests, most of which were secondary deciduous forests, as well as some coniferous forests... The HNR has been exposed to human disturbance for decades, including plantations (crops and ginseng farms), animal husbandry (cattle grazing and frog farming), and poaching"
Life forms: carnivores, primates, ungulates, other small mammals
Sampling methods: no design, automatic cameras
Sample size: 2639
Years: 2013
Seasons: winter, spring
Nets or traps: 163
Net or trap nights: 20561
Camera type: digital
Cameras paired: yes
Trap spacing: 3.600
Sampling comments: "In each grid (3.6 * 3.6 km), mostly 2 camera traps were placed along road, trail or ridge" (this apparently means the cameras were paired)
"We analysed only videos taken at a minimum time interval of 30 minutes... we defined the seasons as the snow period (winter: Jan-Apr and Nov-Dec) and the snow-free period (summer: May-Oct)"
sampling was from "January 2013 to December 2013" (so the "winter" counts pertain to two separate intervals)
separate winter and summer counts are given, but separate trap-night totals for these intervals are not indicated; because each interval is six months, it is assumed that half of the overall 41, 122 trap-night count applies to each one
Sample: 3695
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2020-10-28 21:40:44
Modified: 2020-10-28 21:40:44
Abundance distribution
13 species
0 singletons
total count 2639
standardised richness: 13.0
Fisher's α: 1.780
geometric series k: 0.6762
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.8032
Shannon's H: 1.9749
Good's u: 1.0000
Panthera pardus orientalis4232 kg carnivore
Panthera tigris altaica101168 kg carnivore
Sus scrofa11654 kg herbivore
"wild boar"
Capreolus pygargus213
"roe deer"
Cervus nippon362103 kg
"sika deer"
Vulpes vulpes1585.3 kg carnivore-insectivore
"red fox"
Meles leucurus496.0 kg
"Asian badger"
Nyctereutes procyonoides194.2 kg invertivore-frugivore
"raccoon dog"
Moschus moschiferus99.3 kg
"musk deer"
Lepus mandshuricus221
"Manchurian hare"
Homo sapiens985
"human activity" excluding "vehicle"
Bos taurus16
"cattle grazing"
Canis lupus familiaris34843 kg carnivore