Winefred Lake
Basic information
Sample name: Winefred Lake
Sample aka: Christina Lake

Reference: J. Wittische, S. Heckbert, P. M. A. James, A. C. Burton, and J. T. Fisher. 2020. Community-level modelling of boreal forest mammal distribution in an oil sands landscape. Science of The Total Environment 755(142500):1-11 [ER 3301]
Country: Canada
State: Alberta

Coordinate: 55° 30' N, 110° 32' W
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "northeast of Lac La Biche... The study area included the area around Christina Lake and Winefred Lake, north of the Cold Lake Air Weapons Range, and is approximately 3000 km2"
Climate and habitat
Habitat: boreal forest/taiga
Protection: unprotected
Substrate: ground surface
Disturbance: selective logging
Habitat comments: "boreal forest... Anthropogenic disturbance is extensive with forestry and energy sector activities, including roads distributed over the study area"
Life forms: carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals
Sampling methods: no design, automatic cameras
Sample size: 134482
Years: 2011 - 2014
Seasons: winter, spring, summer, autumn
Nets or traps: 61
Net or trap nights: 60937
Camera type: digital
Cameras paired: no
Trap spacing: 2.000
Sampling comments: "Mammal frequency of occurrence was sampled at 61 camera trap sites (Fig. 1). Reconyx PC900 HyperfireTM infra-red remote digital cameras (Holmen, WI, USA) were deployed for three years: October 2011–October 2014... the camera traps were distributed across the landscape by using a constrained random stratified design intended to equalize representation of all habitat types... We imposed a minimum 2-km distance between cameras... The camera trap survey had a total sampling effort of 60, 937 camera trap-days"
Sample: 3678
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2020-10-20 18:45:42
Modified: 2020-10-20 18:45:42
Abundance distribution
11 species
0 singletons
total count 134482
standardised richness: 11.0
Fisher's α: 0.925
geometric series k: 0.5300
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.2908
Shannon's H: 0.7096
Good's u: 1.0000
Ursus americanus2657115 kg browser-insectivore
Canis lupus250843 kg carnivore
Canis latrans229012 kg carnivore-insectivore
Pekania pennanti3263.8 kg
Lynx canadensis1940
Vulpes vulpes1975.3 kg carnivore-insectivore
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus491187 g
Odocoileus virginianus11264875 kg herbivore
Alces alces500421 kg herbivore
Rangifer tarandus27369 kg
Lepus americanus106521.4 kg browser