Sungkai Reserve Forest (secondary forest)
Basic information
Sample name: Sungkai Reserve Forest (secondary forest)

Reference: A. M. M. Din, W. M. A. Halim, S. Z. S. Ahmad, and S. Yaakop. 2019. Dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) composition to three different ecosystem functions: a study case in Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research 30(3):69-82 [ER 3295]
Country: Malaysia
State: Selangor

Coordinate: 3° 1' 34" N, 102° 22' 7" E
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Climate and habitat
Habitat: tropical/subtropical moist broadleaf forest
Altered habitat: secondary forest
Protection: forest reserve
Substrate: ground surface
Habitat comments: "Both of these forests had experience series of logging activities or for the surrounding developments. Shahabuddin et al. (2005) classified secondary forests as it has the highest trees are not more than 15 m, shrubs with 2 m height, and the age is around 10 years. Both of the selected forests are applicable with the characteristics listed... it covers an area of 2468 ha... The last recorded forest changed in this area is on 1957"
Life forms: scarab beetles
Sampling methods: line transect, baited, pitfall traps
Sample size: 1486
Years: 2013, 2014
Days: 6
Nets or traps: 15
Net or trap nights: 90
Sampling comments: "A sampling of dung beetles was performed from November 2013 until October 2014 by using 15 rotten fish-baited pitfall traps that aligned into three transects... Each transect consists of five pitfall traps which aligned in a straight line or any possible line based on the surrounding condition. The distance between the traps were about 45 m from each other, and the distance between transects was 810 m apart. The traps were then left for 24 h before collecting the samples, and the collection repeated three times" (sampling effort 3 transects x 5 traps x 2 days x 3 times = 90 trap days)
Sample: 3665
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2020-06-07 19:27:57
Modified: 2020-06-07 19:27:57
Abundance distribution
25 species
4 singletons
total count 1486
standardised richness: 14.0
Fisher's α: 4.270
geometric series k: 0.7946
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.9005
Shannon's H: 2.5168
Good's u: 0.9973