Jhelum (pastures)
Basic information
Sample name: Jhelum (pastures)

Reference: M. Ghazanfar, M. Hussain, Z. Abbas, and M. Batool. 2017. Diversity, composition and distribution of dung beetle fauna in croplands and pastures of Jhelum, Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Science 69(4):369-374 [ER 3294]
Country: Pakistan
State: Punjab

Coordinate: 32.933498° N, 73.720703° E
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Geography comments: "at the northern boundary of Punjab"
Climate and habitat
Habitat: tropical/subtropical dry broadleaf forest
Altered habitat: pasture
Protection: unprotected
Substrate: ground surface
Habitat comments: "humid subtropical climate"
Life forms: scarab beetles
Sites: 9
Sampling methods: no design, hand capture
Sample size: 299
Years: 2015, 2016
Sampling comments: "There were nine sampling places represented by both croplands and pastures... The sampling was carried out from each selected site fortnightly from March 2015- February, 2016. Specimens were randomly collected from each study site by hand picking and homogenized method"
Sample: 3662
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2020-06-07 19:05:46
Modified: 2020-06-07 19:05:46
Abundance distribution
15 species
4 singletons
total count 299
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 3.326
geometric series k: 0.7368
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.8516
Shannon's H: 2.1202
Good's u: 0.9866