Basic information
Sample name: Sialkot

Reference: M. Hussain, M. Younas, M. F. Malik, M. Umar, M. Kanwal, and M. Batool. 2020. Spatio-temporal diversity of dung beetles in selected locales of Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan. Punjab University Journal of Zoology 35(1):35-42 [ER 3293]
Country: Pakistan
State: Punjab

Coordinate: 32° 29' 33" N, 74° 31' 52" E
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Geography comments: "Sialkot... a district of the Punjab province... Sampling of dung beetles was carried out from the selected locales i.e. Malianwala, Kanbanwala, Ugoki, Dhidwali, Bambanwala, Phangat, Bhola Musa, Malkhanwala, Amrik-Pura, Faizan-Colony, Sherwani-Colony, and Mundeke" (almost entirely west and southwest of Sialkot, spanning area area about 40 km across)
Climate and habitat
Habitat: tropical/subtropical dry broadleaf forest
Altered habitat: combined
Protection: unprotected
Substrate: ground surface
Habitat comments: "grassy fields, croplands, old dung piles and fresh dung pats"
Life forms: scarab beetles
Sites: 12
Sampling methods: line transect, no design, pitfall traps, hand capture
Sample size: 667
Years: 2016
Sampling comments: "Sampling was accomplished by collecting dung pats and dung heaps randomly at an interval of two weeks. Fresh cattle dung was collected in a bucket with lid. We also used pitfall traps baited with cattle dung to collect dung beetles. Pitfall traps were placed at interval of 150 m ... in a 500 m transect... At each site, four traps were placed at an equal distance of 50 m from the center of the square whereas fifth one was placed in the center... and traps were left out for 72 hrs"
Sample: 3661
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2020-06-07 18:57:48
Modified: 2020-06-07 18:57:48
Abundance distribution
16 species
2 singletons
total count 667
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 2.949
geometric series k: 0.7069
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.8713
Shannon's H: 2.3067
Good's u: 0.9970