Manembo-Nembo Wildlife Reserve (primary forest)
Basic information
Sample name: Manembo-Nembo Wildlife Reserve (primary forest)

Reference: R. Koneri and P. V. Maabuat. 2016. Diversity of butterflies (Lepidoptera) in Manembo-Nembo Wildlife Reserve, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 19:202-210 [ER 3286]
Country: Indonesia
State: North Sulawesi

Coordinate: 1.31° N, 124.60° E
Basis of coordinate: estimated from map
Geography comments: "in Manembo-Nembo Wildlife Reserve... The sampling site is located at an altitude of 312-342 m"
estimated using map in Fig. 1 plus Google Maps
Climate and habitat
Habitat: tropical/subtropical moist broadleaf forest
Protection: wildlife protected area
Substrate: ground surface
Habitat comments: "Natural forests which have not been exploited by humans for logging and timber"
Life forms: butterflies
Sampling methods: line transect, sweep nets
Sample size: 152
Years: 2015
Sampling comments: "This study was conducted from March to July, 2015... Sweeping technique was employed by following the transect line applied randomly to 1000 m... In each of the habitats, four transects with a length of 1000 m were created. The collection was done four times in each transect. There were 16 transects. The samples were taken everymonth. The sampling wad done from 8:00 to 15:00" (sampling effort 4 x 16 x 5 = 320 days, so multiple transects must have been sampled on the same day)
Sample: 3646
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2020-06-03 13:04:40
Modified: 2020-06-03 13:13:17
Abundance distribution
29 species
12 singletons
total count 152
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 10.632
geometric series k: 0.8736
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.8786
Shannon's H: 2.6611
Good's u: 0.9214