Malvan (Period I)
Basic information
Sample name: Malvan (Period I)

Reference: K. R. Alur and A. K. Sharma. 1995. Animal skeletal remains. Memoirs of the Archaeological Survey of India 92:85-98 [ER 3232]
Country: India
State: Gujarat

Coordinate: 21° 41' N, 72° 42' E
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Geography comments: contextual information is given by Allchin and Joshi (same volume):
"on the south bank of the Tapri river near Dumas in District Surat"
coordinate is stated incorrectly as 21 71' N, 72 42' E; this apparently means 2141' N based on the coordinate of the town of Malvan
"Period I was essentially a post-Harappan, Chalcolithic occupation, and Period II consisted of a group of pits and hearths associated with some sort of a temporary occupation of later times"
Period I dates "from between circa 1400 and 1000 B.C."; there is a radiocarbon date on charcoal of "2675 90 (2750 95 B.P." (meaning unclear) that is interpreted as "indicating the date at which the filling of the trench has more or less complete"
Period II yielded "grey to black pottery" that "probably dates from the end of the first millenium A.D."
Climate and habitat
Lithology: not described
Taphonomic context: human accumulation
Archaeology: bone tools, ceramics, metal tools, stone tools, other structures
Habitat comments: structures and artifacts are discussed by Allchin and Joshi:
"The principal structural feature of Period I was a ditch" of 18.30 m, and "To the south of the ditch a number of post-holes were dug"
Period I yielded "a large amount of pottery... and a diminuitive blade industry... A number of small objects of copper... terracotta objects... A small number of beads"
there are bone tools in both intervals
Life forms: carnivores, ungulates
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 289
Sampling comments: Bubalus bubalis present but not tabulated
Sample: 3560
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-09-24 19:52:13
Modified: 2019-09-24 19:52:13
Abundance distribution
6 species
0 singletons
total count 289
standardised richness: 6.0
Fisher's α: 1.071
geometric series k: 0.4173
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.3169
Shannon's H: 0.7347
Good's u: 1.0000
Bos taurus indicus237
"Bos indicus"
Equus ferus caballus3
"Equus caballus"
Caprinae indet.9
Capra hircus aegagrus or Ovis vignei
Sus scrofa cristatus1554 kg herbivore
Canis lupus familiaris743 kg carnivore
"Canis familiaris"
Cervidae indet.18
Cervus duvaceli and Axis axis