Ma'anshan Cave (lower layer)
Basic information
Sample name: Ma'anshan Cave (lower layer)

Reference: Y. Zhang, M. C. Stiner, R. Dennell, C. Wang, S. Zhang, and X. Gao. 2010. Zooarchaeological perspectives on the Chinese Early and Late Paleolithic from the Ma'anshan site (Guizhou, China). Journal of Archaeological Science 37:2066-2077 [ER 3225]
Country: China
State: Guizhou

Coordinate: 28° 8' N, 106° 50' E
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "2 km southeast of Tongzi County" (basis of coordinate)
there are two rejected 14 C dates and a U-series date of 53, 000 BP with no reported error
Climate and habitat
Lithology: breccia
Taphonomic context: cave, human accumulation
Archaeology: stone tools
Habitat comments: the lower part of the sequence is strata 7 and 8: stratum 7 is "breccias plus coarse sands" and contains most of the fossils, and stratum 8 is "Yellow brownish clay"
there are many "stone artifacts" but no ceramics
there are numerous cut marks and "hominins were the primary agents of bone collection and modification at the site"
Life forms: carnivores, primates, ungulates
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 1293
Sampled by: S. Zhang, F. Long
Years: 1986, 1990
Sampling comments: "Sieving was not performed during the excavations, but much effort was made to collect all of the lithic and faunal fragments from the excavated sediments... the excavators used another method called patting collection"
Sample: 3549
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-09-21 19:35:05
Modified: 2019-09-21 19:35:05
Abundance distribution
11 species
2 singletons
total count 1293
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 1.650
geometric series k: 0.5106
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.5184
Shannon's H: 0.9857
Good's u: 0.9985