Basic information
Sample name: Scovill
Sample aka: FV106 ISM

Reference: P. J. Munson, P. W. Parmalee, and R. A. Yarnell. 1971. Subsistence ecology of Scovill, a terminal Middle Woodland village. American Antiquity 36(4):410-431 [ER 3198]
Country: United States
State: Illinois

Coordinate: 38° 51' N, 88° 55' W
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Geography comments: "a relatively small (approx. 1 acre) occupational site... within the lower Spoon River valley... approximately 3.25 mi west of Lewistown (Southwest 1/4 of Southwest 1/4 of Section 19, Township 5 North, Range 3 East, Fulton County)"
"attributed to the Weaver focus"
there is a "single wood charcoal radiocarbon age of 1500 +/- 120 years"
Climate and habitat
Lithology: not described
Taphonomic context: human accumulation
Archaeology: bone tools, ceramics, stone tools
Habitat comments: "No structures have been encountered... However, the 92 pits which were encountered and excavated have provided an extensive and varied quantity of material"
there are numerous sherds, stone artifacts, and bone artifacts
Life forms: carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals, birds, snakes, turtles, frogs, salamanders, fishes, clams
Sampling methods: quarry, screenwash
Sample size: 1607
Years: 1962
Sampling comments: "The contents of all pits were first removed by trowelling, which resulted in the recovery of most of the sherds, stone artifacts, fire-cracked rocks, large bones, and mussel shells. All contents were then passed through a one-fourth inch screen"
entered counts are sums of values based on screening and flotation
Sample: 3507
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-09-09 19:11:06
Modified: 2019-09-09 19:11:06
Abundance distribution
97 species
23 singletons
total count 1607
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 22.695
geometric series k: 0.9394
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.9128
Shannon's H: 3.3506
Good's u: 0.9857
Amblema costata34
Amblema cf. peruviana11
Elliptio dilatatus30
Fusconaia flava25
Fusconaia undata10
Pleurobema cordatum57
Quadrula metanerva19
Quadrula nodula3
Quadrula pusulosa10
Quadrula quadrula2
Tritogonia verrucosa5
Alasmidonta marginata2
Anodonta sp.1
Lasmigona complanata1
Lasmigona costata13
Strophitus rugosus13
Actinonaias carinata168
Actinonaias ellipsiformis2
Dysnomia perplexa7
Dysnomia triquetra15
Lampsilis higginsii1
Lampsilis siliquoidea32
Lampsilis ventricosa79
Lampsilis spp.3
Leptodea sp.4
Ligumia recta27
Proptera alata4
Truncilla truncata4
Lepisosteus cf. osseus3
Amia calva67
Esox sp.4
Hybopsis cf. biguttata2
Semotilus cf. atromaculatus1
Cyprinidae indet.3
Catostomus cf. commersonni2
Hypentelium nigricans2
Ictiobus cyprinellus3
bigmouth buffalo
Ictiobus sp.12
smallmouth or black buffalo
Moxostoma cf. macrolepidotum55
Ictalurus punctatus18
Ictalurus natalis2
Ictalurus nebulosus4
Pylodictis olivaris1
Roccus sp.2
Lepomis sp.6
Micropterus sp.34
Pomoxis sp.1
Stizostedion sp.2
Aplodinotus grunniens21
Caudata indet.1
Lithobates catesbeianus1
"Rana catesbeiana"
Anaxyrus sp.20
"Bufo sp."
Coluber constrictor7
Heterodon cf. platirhinos2
"Heterodon cf. platyrhinos"
Viperidae indet.11
"Crotalidae indet."
Chelydra serpentina12
Sternotherus odoratus3
Terrapene sp.15
Chrysemys picta10
Trachemys scripta5
"Pseudemys scripta"
Graptemys geographica2
Apalone sp.37
"Trionyx sp."
Branta canadensis44.1 g folivore
Aix sponsa1681 g invertivore
Mergus sp.1
Buteo jamaicensis130.4 g carnivore
Tympanuchus cupido1010.0 g
Colinus virginianus212.9 g granivore
Meleagris gallopavo497.8 kg omnivore
Grus canadensis28.3 g
Fulica americana1724 g
Ectopistes migratorius1
Asio sp.1
Picidae indet.1
Corvus brachyrhynchos1 omnivore
Quiscalus quiscula1120 g insectivore-granivore
Passeriformes indet.2
Scalopus aquaticus794.9 g
Procyon lotor135.5 kg carnivore-granivore
Mustela cf. frenata1144 g carnivore
Neovison vison2913 g
"Mustela vison"
Mephitis mephitis11.5 kg carnivore-insectivore
Urocyon cinereoargenteus34.1 kg frugivore-carnivore
Canis sp.15
Lynx cf. rufus19.0 kg carnivore
Marmota monax174.5 kg
Ictidomys tridecemlineatus1160 g
"Spermophilus tridecemlineatus"
Tamias striatus10113 g frugivore-insectivore
Sciurus niger20750 g
Castor canadensis1211 kg
Peromyscus sp.4
Oryzomys palustris2542.4 g
Microtus sp.1
Ondatra zibethicus101.1 kg
"Ondatra zibethica"
Sylvilagus floridanus271.1 kg herbivore
Cervus canadensis1170 kg browser-grazer
Odocoileus virginianus40575 kg herbivore