Cole Gravel Pit
Basic information
Sample name: Cole Gravel Pit
Sample aka: Cole Quarry; Farrell Farm; Hne 17-1

Reference: T. C. Madrigal. 2006. Late Archaic animal bones from the Cole Gravel Pit site, Livingston County, New York. Bulletin and Journal of the Archaeology of New York State 122:27-44 [ER 3195]
Country: United States
State: New York

Coordinate: 42.977° N, -77.739° W
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Geography comments: "in Caledonia Township... 42.977N, 77.739W" (Madrigal 2008, Northeastern Naturalist)
there are uncorrected radiocarbon dates of 3890 +/- 120 and 3980 +/- 16 B.P.
Climate and habitat
Lithology: not described
Taphonomic context: human accumulation, settlement, structures
Archaeology: bone tools, burials, hearths, stone tools
Habitat comments: there are numerous stone and bone artifacts in addition to 16 burials and 296 "pits or surface stains" used for food processing
a single human burial is mentioned
Life forms: carnivores, primates, rodents, ungulates, birds, snakes, turtles, frogs, fishes
Sampling methods: quarry, screenwash
Sample size: 2042
Years: 1966 - 1970
Sampling comments: "In most cases, soil was screened through 1/4 in (6.4 mm) mesh"
1212 out of 1221 dog specimens pertain to just three burials, so the entered specimen count is 12
Sample: 3504
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-09-08 20:56:54
Modified: 2019-09-09 12:26:51
Abundance distribution
54 species
10 singletons
total count 2042
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 10.176
geometric series k: 0.8839
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.8260
Shannon's H: 2.3809
Good's u: 0.9951
Cyprinidae indet.2
Catostomidae indet.5
Ameiurus nebulosus4
Ictalurus punctatus2
Morone sp.5
Lepomis sp.2
Percidae indet.1
Anaxyrus sp.12
"Bufo sp."
Lithobates sp.19
"Rana sp."
Sternotherus odoratus2
Chelydra serpentina10
Chrysemys picta5
Clemmys guttata8
Glyptemys muhlenbergii8
Terrapene carolina104
Apalone spinifera3
"Trionyx spiniferus"
Colubridae indet.164
Ardea herodias254.9 g carnivore
Aix sponsa2681 g invertivore
Anas sp.14
platyrhynchos or rubripes
Branta canadensis34.1 g folivore
Chen caerulescens353.4 g
Lophodytes cucullatus1554 g piscivore
Buteo jamaicensis130.4 g carnivore
Haliaeetus cf. leucocephalus14.1 kg piscivore
Bonasa umbellus25566 g omnivore
Meleagris gallopavo1367.8 kg omnivore
Scolopax minor1176 g
Ectopistes migratorius414
Strix varia2632 g
Colaptes auratus211.3 g insectivore-frugivore
Dryocopus pileatus117.5 g insectivore
Turdus migratorius178.5 g insectivore-frugivore
Canidae indet.3
Vulpes or Urocyon
Canis lupus familiaris1243 kg carnivore
"Canis familiaris"
Ursus americanus42115 kg browser-insectivore
Procyon lotor465.5 kg carnivore-granivore
Lontra canadensis27.1 kg piscivore
"Lutra canadensis"
Mephitis mephitis41.5 kg carnivore-insectivore
Lynx rufus19.0 kg carnivore
Cervus canadensis13170 kg browser-grazer
Odocoileus virginianus69175 kg herbivore
Glaucomys sabrinus393.4 g
Glaucomys volans7967.4 g
Marmota monax404.5 kg
Sciurus carolinensis5519 g frugivore
Sciurus niger2750 g
Tamias striatus70113 g frugivore-insectivore
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus27187 g
Castor canadensis2011 kg
Peromyscus leucopus121.0 g
Microtus cf. pennsylvanicus335.7 g
Ondatra zibethicus121.1 kg
Erethizon dorsatum19.9 kg herbivore