Otter Creek No. 2 (Zone 3)
Basic information
Sample name: Otter Creek No. 2 (Zone 3)

Reference: W. A. Ritchie. 1979. The Otter Creek No. 2 site in Rutland County, Vermont. Bulletin and Journal of the Archaeology of New York State 76:1-21 [ER 3194]
Country: United States
State: Vermont

Coordinate: 43° 50' 17" N, 70° 8' 48" W
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Geography comments: "on the east bank of Otter Creek, in Brandon Swamp, Brandon Township, Rutland County"
there is "a radiocarbon date of 5070 B.P. +/- 210 years" on bone collagen
Climate and habitat
Lithology: claystone
Taphonomic context: human accumulation, settlement
Archaeology: bone tools, burials, hearths, metal tools, stone tools
Habitat comments: "Zone 3, a black clay loam with a thin scattering of charcoal granules, ranged in depth from about 8 to 23 cm, and was the chief occupation horizon of the site. As nearly as could be determined, nearly everything clearly associated with Zone 3 pertained to the Vergennes phase"
there were "A few scattered human burials" totalling six individuals, "Fire-shattered rock fragments and debitage", numerous stone tools, copper gorges and bone and antler implements, but no ceramics
the occupation is inferred to have included "a few flimsy housing units"
Life forms: carnivores, primates, rodents, ungulates, birds, turtles
Sampling methods: quarry, screenwash
Sample size: 238
Years: 1970 - 1977
Sampling comments: "Considerable portions of the site material were passed through a screen with about 7mm mesh"
Sample: 3503
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-09-08 20:16:19
Modified: 2019-09-09 12:27:54
Abundance distribution
10 species
3 singletons
total count 238
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 2.113
geometric series k: 0.5670
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.4896
Shannon's H: 1.1063
Good's u: 0.9874
Odocoileus virginianus16575 kg herbivore
Ursus americanus12115 kg browser-insectivore
Castor canadensis3611 kg
Ondatra zibethicus11.1 kg
"Ondatra zibethica"
Canis lupus familiaris143 kg carnivore
"Canis familiaris": eight specimens interpreted as a single burial
Meleagris gallopavo17.8 kg omnivore
Ardea ? herodias654.9 g carnivore
Aves indet.4
"smaller birds"
Glyptemys ? insculpta6
"Clemmys ? insculpta"
Homo sapiens6