Pine Hill
Basic information
Sample name: Pine Hill

Reference: M. G. Cottrell. 1979. The Pine Hill site, St. Lawrence County. Bulletin and Journal of the Archaeology of New York State 77:1-13 [ER 3193]
Country: United States
State: New York

Coordinate: 44° 22' N, 75° 33' W
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "in the township of Gouverneur, St. Lawrence County, New York. The site is 3.8 miles to the northwest of the village of Natural Dam and is 2.25 miles due north of the Oswegathchie River. The site is 1 mile to the west of Route 58 on Pine Hill Road" (about 1 km northwest of Elmdale, basis of coordinate)
"Late Woodland... estimated to fall between 1400 and 1450 A.D." for reasons unknown
Climate and habitat
Lithology: not described
Taphonomic context: human accumulation, settlement, structures
Archaeology: bone tools, other structures
Habitat comments: there is "a double rowed palisade in the excavated test units... the Pine Hill site did not yield flint projectile points or flint debitage" but "Bone projectile points were reported"
ceramics are not discussed
Life forms: carnivores, primates, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals, birds, turtles, frogs, fishes
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 724
Sampling comments: excavation methods are not discussed
pig and sheep are present but presumed by the author to be intrusive because "an old log cabin" is on the site
Sample: 3502
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-09-08 19:56:59
Modified: 2019-09-09 12:29:05
Abundance distribution
19 species
2 singletons
total count 724
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 3.574
geometric series k: 0.7150
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.6409
Shannon's H: 1.6635
Good's u: 0.9972
Odocoileus virginianus41975 kg herbivore
Ursus americanus30115 kg browser-insectivore
Canis lupus1843 kg carnivore
Castor canadensis8311 kg
Ondatra zibethicus481.1 kg
Erethizon dorsatum59.9 kg herbivore
Lepus americanus131.4 kg browser
Tamias striatus20113 g frugivore-insectivore
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus17187 g
Marmota monax224.5 kg
Neovison vison2913 g
"Mustela vison"
Mephitis mephitis11.5 kg carnivore-insectivore
Procyon lotor15.5 kg carnivore-granivore
Vulpes vulpes35.3 kg carnivore-insectivore
"Vulpes fulva"
Testudines indet.18
Ictalurus punctatus3
"channel catfish"
Anura indet.3
Aves indet.16
Homo sapiens2
a "newborn infant burial" and a frontal bone