Itasca Bison Site
Basic information
Sample name: Itasca Bison Site
Sample aka: 21CE1

Reference: C. Widga. 2014. Middle Holocene taphonomy and paleoecology at the prairie-forest border, the Itasca Bison site, MN. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology 39(3):251-279 [ER 3188]
Country: United States
State: Minnesota

Coordinate: 47° 14' N, 95° 12' W
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "approximately 300 m south of the western arm of Lake Itasca" (coordinate based on Itasca State Park)
there are three new uncalibrated AMS 14C dates: 7550 +/- 90, 7110 +/- 70, and 7030 +/- 60 B.P.
Climate and habitat
Lithology: marl
Taphonomic context: fluvial deposit, human accumulation
Archaeology: stone tools
Habitat comments: an attritional fluvial assemblage with rare "butchered bison bones" and chipped stone tools and debitage
the main bonebed is in a marl
Life forms: carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals, birds, turtles, frogs, fishes
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 2132
Years: 1937
Sampling comments: revision of inventory published by Shay (1971)
screenwashing is not discussed, but microfauna are abundant
Sample: 3496
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-09-07 21:50:05
Modified: 2019-09-09 12:33:40
Abundance distribution
33 species
13 singletons
total count 2132
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 5.541
geometric series k: 0.8031
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.6626
Shannon's H: 1.5379
Good's u: 0.9939