Keffer (Midden 57, screened)
Basic information
Sample name: Keffer (Midden 57, screened)
Sample aka: AkGv-14

Reference: F. L. Stewart. 1991. Floating for fauna: some methodological considerations using the Keffer site (AkGv-14). Canadian Journal of Archaeology 15:97-115 [ER 3155]
Country: Canada
State: Ontario

Coordinate: 43° 50' N, 79° 30' W
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "just north of Toronto in the town of Vaughan" (coordinate based on Vaughan)
"occupied possibly in the very last of the 15th century and certainly in the first two or three decades of the 16th century" (dating method unclear)
Climate and habitat
Lithology: not described
Taphonomic context: ceramics, human accumulation, midden, settlement, structures
Archaeology: buildings, ceramics, stone tools
Habitat comments: the site is "comprised of at least 26 middens and 19 houses surrounded by palisades whcih also enclosed some burials" with "ceramics and stone artifacts"
Life forms: carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals, birds, snakes, turtles, fishes
Sampling methods: quarry, screenwash
Sample size: 973
Sampled by: W. D. Finlayson
Years: 1985
Sample: 3451
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-09-02 13:02:28
Modified: 2019-09-09 13:02:53
Abundance distribution
67 species
22 singletons
total count 973
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 16.324
geometric series k: 0.9290
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.9366
Shannon's H: 3.2265
Good's u: 0.9774
Lepisosteus osseus3
"longnose gar"
Amia calva18
Salmonidae indet.96
Coregonus sp.129
Esox lucius2
"northern pike"
Catostomidae indet.14
Ameirus sp.15
Ictalurus punctatus1
"channel catfish"
Anguilla rostrata16
"American eel"
Ambloplites rupestris1
"rock bass"
Lepomis gibbosus24
Micropterus sp.4
Perca flavescens13
"yelow perch"
Sander sp.18
"walleye" or "sauger"
Aplodinotus grunniens2
"freshwater drum"
Lepus americanus51.4 kg browser
"snowshoe hare"
Sciurus carolinensis14519 g frugivore
"grey squirrel"
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus14187 g
"red squirrel"
Marmota monax294.5 kg
Tamias striatus11113 g frugivore-insectivore
"eastern chipmunk"
Castor canadensis8511 kg
Peromyscus sp.3
Lemmini indet.1
"lemming mouse"
Microtus pennsylvanicus335.7 g
"meadow vole"
Microtus chrotorrhinus133.0 g
"rock vole"
Ondatra zibethicus251.1 kg
Erethizon dorsatum19.9 kg herbivore
Canis lupus familiaris6743 kg carnivore
"domestic dog"
Vulpes vulpes115.3 kg carnivore-insectivore
"red fox"
Ursus americanus19115 kg browser-insectivore
"black bear"
Procyon lotor125.5 kg carnivore-granivore
Neovison vison3913 g
Martes sp.6
Mephitidae indet.1
Lynx sp.1
Odocoileus virginianus10975 kg herbivore
"white-tailed deer"
Alces alces2421 kg herbivore
Gavia immer15.5 kg piscivore
"common loon"
Podiceps auritus1453 g
"horned grebe"
Botaurus lentiginosus1706 g piscivore
"American bittern"
Branta canadensis54.1 g folivore
"Canada goose"
Anas acuta11.0 kg
Anas carolinensis1
"green-winged teal"
Spatula clypeata1
Aythya collaris1730 g granivore
"ring-necked duck"
Aythya marila11.1 kg
"greater scaup"
Aythya affinis1850 g
"lesser scaup"
Bucephala albeola3473 g
Clangula hyemalis5932 g
Melanitta deglandi1
"white-winged scoter"
Oxyura jamaicensis1629 g
"ruddy duck"
Mergus serrator41.1 kg piscivore
"red-breasted merganser"
Mergus sp.1
"merganser sp."
Accipiter sp.3
Falcipennis canadensis4492 g
"spruce grouse"
Bonasa umbellus15566 g omnivore
"ruffed grouse"
Gallus gallus129.1 g frugivore-granivore
Meleagris gallopavo337.8 kg omnivore
"wild turkey"
Ectopistes migratorius24
"passenger pigeon"
Colaptes auratus211.3 g insectivore-frugivore
"yellow-shafted flicker"
Cyanocitta cristata1 insectivore-granivore
"blue jay"
Corvus corax3 omnivore
"common raven"
Corvus brachyrhynchos1 omnivore
"common crow"
Chelydra serpentina13
"snapping turtle"
Glyptemys insculpta2
"wood turtle"
Chrysemys picta59
"painted turtle"
Natricinae indet.4
"water snake"