Makwe Rockshelter 2
Basic information
Sample name: Makwe Rockshelter 2

Reference: J. R. Robinson and J. Rowan. 2017. Holocene paleoenvironmental change in southeastern Africa (Makwe Rockshelter, Zambia): Implications for the spread of pastoralism. Quaternary Science Reviews 156:57-68 [ER 3129]
Country: Zambia

Coordinate: -14.413333° S, 31.933332° E
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Geography comments: 2ii 5717103
2i 5495149

"Makwe Rockshelter is located in the southwestern corner of Zambia's Katete District (1424.8' S; 3156.0' E) approximately 1.0 km from the international border with Mozambique"

Climate and habitat
Lithology: not described
Taphonomic context: human accumulation
Archaeology: stone tools
Habitat comments: "The rockshelter is located in the northeast side of a large granite dome known as Little Makwe kopje at 1000-1050 m above sea level on the grassy, well-watered plateau of the Zambian Highveld (Phillipson, 1973, 1976). The rockshelter itself is formed by an overhang 20 m long and 9 m high extending 8.5 m into the granite dome. The presence of large boulders restricts the surface area to~45 m2"
there are lithics but no ceramics except for "A few pieces of pottery" interpreted as due "to localized disturbance and/or stratigraphic inconsistencies"
Life forms: ungulates
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 39
Sampling comments: "Details of the exca-vations can be found inPhillipson (1976)." - I can't actually seem to get a copy of this volume, but I assume the years of excavation are in there.
Sample: 3444
Contributor: Aniko Toth
Enterer: Aniko Toth
Created: 2019-09-01 21:20:44
Modified: 2019-09-09 13:11:05
Abundance distribution
8 species
3 singletons
total count 39
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 3.049
geometric series k: 0.6314
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.5540
Shannon's H: 1.3024
Good's u: 0.9257
Aepyceros melampus351 kg browser-grazer
Alcelaphus buselaphus1143 kg grazer-browser
Connochaetes taurinus2202 kg grazer-browser
Syncerus caffer2548 kg grazer-browser
Sylvicapra grimmia413 kg browser-grazer
Taurotragus oryx1393 kg browser-grazer
"Tragelaphus oryx"
Phacochoerus spp.25
Equus quagga1100 kg grazer