Riparo Biarzo (SU 3A)
Basic information
Sample name: Riparo Biarzo (SU 3A)

Reference: M. Bertolini, E. Cristiani, M. Modolo, P. Visentini, and M. Romandini. 2016. Late Epigravettian and Mesolithic foragers of the eastern Alpine region: Animal exploitation and ornamental strategies at Riparo Biarzo (Northern Italy). Quaternary International 423:73-91 [ER 3141]
Country: Italy

Coordinate: 46° 8' N, 13° 29' E
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "on the hydrographic left bank of the Natisone river... a little upstream of the village of Biarzo" (coordinate based on San Pietro al Natisone, which is less than 2 km south of the site)
SU 3A is "typical of the later Castelnovian phase" with numerous artifacts including "Impresso potsherds" from "the upper part of the SU"
there appear to be no radiocarbon dates on this layer
Climate and habitat
Lithology: not described
Taphonomic context: ceramics, human accumulation
Archaeology: bone tools, stone tools
Habitat comments: there is a large "lithic industry" and "animal material processing (e.g., hunting, hide treatment, bone working) represented the main activity carried out at the site"
there are "some perforated Columbella rustica shells, several lumps of ochre, two fragmentary awls, one pierced red deer atrophic canine and one fragmentary harpoon made of red deer antler"
Life forms: carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 183
Years: 1982 - 1984
Sample: 3434
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-09-01 16:08:03
Modified: 2019-09-09 13:21:27
Abundance distribution
11 species
1 singleton
total count 183
standardised richness: 5.0
Fisher's α: 2.570
geometric series k: 0.6640
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.7463
Shannon's H: 1.6232
Good's u: 0.9947
Castor fiber1
Martes sp.2
Felis silvestris24.5 kg carnivore
Vulpes vulpes25.3 kg carnivore-insectivore
Meles meles1211 kg invertivore-herbivore
Ursus arctos3156 kg frugivore-carnivore
Sus scrofa5854 kg herbivore
Cervus elaphus60104 kg
Capreolus capreolus3622 kg browser
Bos sp.3
Rupicapra sp.4