Riparo Biarzo (SU 4 + 3B)
Basic information
Sample name: Riparo Biarzo (SU 4 + 3B)

Reference: M. Bertolini, E. Cristiani, M. Modolo, P. Visentini, and M. Romandini. 2016. Late Epigravettian and Mesolithic foragers of the eastern Alpine region: Animal exploitation and ornamental strategies at Riparo Biarzo (Northern Italy). Quaternary International 423:73-91 [ER 3141]
Country: Italy

Coordinate: 46° 8' N, 13° 29' E
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "on the hydrographic left bank of the Natisone river... a little upstream of the village of Biarzo" (coordinate based on San Pietro al Natisone, which is less than 2 km south of the site)
"SUs 4 and 3B have been characterized as early Mesolithic on the basis of the typical Sauveterrian lithic industry"
there appear to be no radiocarbon dates on this layer
Climate and habitat
Lithology: not described
Taphonomic context: human accumulation
Archaeology: bone tools, stone tools
Habitat comments: there is a large "lithic industry characterized by burins, backed points, truncations, geometrics (mainly triangles), microburins, tools with backed retouch" and "animal material processing (e.g., hunting, hide treatment, bone working) represented the main activity carried out at the site"
Life forms: carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals, birds
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 405
Years: 1982 - 1984
Sample: 3433
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-09-01 16:05:09
Modified: 2019-09-09 13:21:24
Abundance distribution
14 species
3 singletons
total count 405
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 2.813
geometric series k: 0.6668
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.6675
Shannon's H: 1.4303
Good's u: 0.9926
Castor fiber2
Martes martes1 carnivore-frugivore
Lynx lynx116 kg carnivore
Felis silvestris14.5 kg carnivore
Vulpes vulpes25.3 kg carnivore-insectivore
Meles meles411 kg invertivore-herbivore
Ursus arctos3156 kg frugivore-carnivore
Sus scrofa19454 kg herbivore
Alces alces6421 kg herbivore
Cervus elaphus118104 kg
Capreolus capreolus5122 kg browser
Capra ibex1037 kg
Rupicapra sp.6
Aves indet.6