Spring Creek
Basic information
Sample name: Spring Creek

Reference: C. Widga. 2004. Early Archaic subsistence in the Central Plains: the Spring Creek (25FT31) fauna. Plains Anthropologist 49:25-58 [ER 3139]
Country: United States
State: Nebraska

Coordinate: 40° 22' N, 100° 40' W
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "now inundated by the Red Willow Reservoir" (coordinate based on Red Willow Dam)
there is a radiocarbon date on bulk charcoal of 5680 +/- 160 B.P.
Climate and habitat
Lithology: not described
Taphonomic context: human accumulation
Archaeology: bone tools, ceramics, stone tools
Habitat comments: "13 features were excavaged, ranging from concentrations of bison bone to basin-shaped pits and a cluster of grinding stones" but this "is a task-oriented bison processing site" and not a settlement
Grange (1980) described "chipped and ground stone tools, formal bone tool and ceramic" artifacts
Life forms: carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals, birds, turtles
Sampling methods: quarry, screenwash
Sample size: 983
Sampling comments: "Excavations" began "during the summer of 1961... All materials were collected and all sediments dry-screened through 1/4-inch mesh"
material from "surface contexts" is omitted from the register
Sample: 3430
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-09-01 14:39:05
Modified: 2019-09-09 13:25:51
Abundance distribution
10 species
6 singletons
total count 983
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 1.549
geometric series k: 0.4661
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.0372
Shannon's H: 0.1294
Good's u: 0.9939