Vess Cave
Basic information
Sample name: Vess Cave

Reference: A. R. Cahn. 1939. Pleistocene fossils from a cave in Anderson County, Tennessee. Journal of Mammalogy 20(2):248-250 [ER 3114]
Country: United States
State: Tennessee

Coordinate: 36° 6' N, 84° 8' W
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "just behind" the "home of Mr. B. A. Vess living on his farm... between the towns of Norris and Clinton" (coordinate based on Clinton)
said to be "Pleistocene" and the fauna is a generic Late Pleistocene assemblage
Climate and habitat
Lithology: not described
Taphonomic context: cave
Habitat comments: "the bones have been found in the limestone caves" in the area
Life forms: bats, carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals, snakes, turtles, frogs
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 197
Years: 1937
Sampling comments: "Usually these bones are fragmentary; the most important remains have been teeth"
"skeletons of Indians" and "two exquisite spear points" were also present, but the fauna is from "farther back" in the cave
Sample: 3401
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-08-30 10:09:59
Modified: 2019-08-30 10:09:59
Abundance distribution
21 species
9 singletons
total count 197
standardised richness: 9.4
Fisher's α: 5.950
geometric series k: 0.8223
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.8245
Shannon's H: 2.1017
Good's u: 0.9544
Anura indet.20
Rana or Bufo
Crotalus sp.41
Testudines indet.2
Didelphis virginiana32.2 kg insectivore-carnivore
Eptesicus fuscus117.2 g insectivore
Ursus americanus50115 kg browser-insectivore
"Euarctos americanus" misspelled
Procyon lotor35.5 kg carnivore-granivore
minimum estimate, includes "many" teeth and tooth fragments
Lontra canadensis17.1 kg piscivore
"Lutra canadensis"
Mephitis mephitis11.5 kg carnivore-insectivore
Castor canadensis911 kg
Neotoma floridana1252 g
a specimen of Neotoma sp. is also present
Microtus sp.1
Ondatra zibethicus11.1 kg
Zapodinae indet.4
Zapus or Napaeozapus
Erethizon dorsatum19.9 kg herbivore
Sylvilagus floridanus31.1 kg herbivore
Odocoileus virginianus4575 kg herbivore
plus many fragments
Tapirus copei4
"Tapirus haysii": four specimens of Tapirus sp. are also present
Equus complicatus1
Mammut americanum1
plus many fragments
Mylohyus fossilis4
"Mylohyus exortivus": plus other tooth fragments