Equus Cave (unit 1B)
Basic information
Sample name: Equus Cave (unit 1B)

Reference: R. G. Klein, K. Cruz-Uribe, and P. B. Beaumont. 1991. Environmental, ecological, and paleoanthropological implications of the late Pleistocene mammalian fauna from Equus Cave, northern Cape Province, South Africa. Quaternary Research 36(1):94-119 [ER 3107]
Country: South Africa
State: Cape

Coordinate: 27° 37' S, 24° 37' E
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Geography comments: "on the Gaap Escarpment at Norlim (formerly Buxton), near Taung"
"Occasional artifacts of Middle Stone Age (MSA) aspect, particularly in 2B... suggest that 1B-2B are older than 30, 000-40, 000 yr B.P... However, organic residues extracted from bones in the upper part of 2B have been dated to 16, 000 +/- 160 yr B.P. by radiocarbon... the dated samples may have been contaminated by younger carbon... evidence suggests that units 1B-2B were deposited sometime between 103, 000 and 32, 700 yr B.P."
Climate and habitat
Lithology: sandstone
Taphonomic context: carnivore accumulation, cave, tools
Habitat comments: "Units 1B through 2B comprise a comformable series of mainly reddish-brown, subhorizontal sandy loams with lenses of tufa grit"
the entire assemblage was "accumulated by brown hyenas"
Life forms: carnivores, primates, rodents, ungulates, other large mammals, other small mammals
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 1930
Years: 1978, 1982
Sample: 3394
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-08-29 12:28:44
Modified: 2019-08-29 12:28:44
Abundance distribution
42 species
5 singletons
total count 1930
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 7.575
geometric series k: 0.8595
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.8880
Shannon's H: 2.7346
Good's u: 0.9974
Leporidae indet.43
Pedetes capensis17
Hystrix africaeaustralis1315 kg browser
Papio ursinus3918 kg
Homo sapiens2
Canis mesomelas4977.9 kg carnivore
Vulpes chama552.7 kg carnivore-frugivore
Otocyon megalotis83.2 kg frugivore-invertivore
Lycaon pictus13 carnivore
Mellivora capensis17.7 kg carnivore-invertivore
Aonyx capensis414 kg invertivore-carnivore
Genetta sp.1
Cynictis penicillata12910 g insectivore-carnivore
Crocuta crocuta1166 kg carnivore
Hyaena brunnea5848 kg carnivore
Felis lybica94.5 kg carnivore
Felis nigripes11.6 kg carnivore
Caracal caracal1612 kg carnivore
"Felis caracal"
Panthera leo8129 kg carnivore
Panthera pardus632 kg carnivore
Acinonyx jubatus142 kg carnivore
Orycteropus afer1040 kg insectivore
Procavia capensis44 browser
Equus quagga burchellii163100 kg grazer
"Equus burchelli"
Equus capensis16
Diceros bicornis21.0 kg browser
Phacochoerus africanus3182 kg grazer-browser
"Phacochoerus aethiopicus"
Taurotragus oryx2393 kg browser-grazer
Tragelaphus strepsiceros9189 kg browser-grazer
Hippotragus sp.22
Kobus leche10 grazer-browser
Redunca fulvorufula5729 kg
Pelea capreolus1716 kg
Alcelaphini indet.101
Connochaetes gnou or Alcelaphus buselaphus
Megalotragus priscus1
Damaliscus dorcas5083 kg grazer-browser
Connochaetes taurinus11202 kg grazer-browser
Antidorcas marsupialis20940 kg browser-grazer
Antidorcas bondi242
Raphicerus campestris979.7 kg browser-grazer
Sylvicapra grimmia1513 kg browser-grazer
Syncerus caffer6548 kg grazer-browser