Equus Cave (unit 1A)
Basic information
Sample name: Equus Cave (unit 1A)

Reference: R. G. Klein, K. Cruz-Uribe, and P. B. Beaumont. 1991. Environmental, ecological, and paleoanthropological implications of the late Pleistocene mammalian fauna from Equus Cave, northern Cape Province, South Africa. Quaternary Research 36(1):94-119 [ER 3107]
Country: South Africa
State: Cape

Coordinate: 27° 37' S, 24° 37' E
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Geography comments: "on the Gaap Escarpment at Norlim (formerly Buxton), near Taung"
"1A also contains typical Later Stone Age bone points... Two radiocarbon dates - 2390 +/- 60 yr B.P. (Pta-2452) on charcoal from near the middle of 1A and 7480 +/- 80 yr B.P. (Pta-2495) on ostrich eggshell from near its base - indicate that 1A dates from the Holocene"
Climate and habitat
Lithology: sandstone
Taphonomic context: carnivore accumulation, cave, tools
Habitat comments: "a layer of grayish-brown sandy loam up to 50 cm thick"
the entire assemblage was "accumulated by brown hyenas"
Life forms: carnivores, primates, rodents, ungulates, other large mammals, other small mammals
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 849
Years: 1978, 1982
Sample: 3393
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-08-29 12:18:44
Modified: 2019-08-29 12:18:44
Abundance distribution
34 species
4 singletons
total count 849
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 7.093
geometric series k: 0.8447
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.8633
Shannon's H: 2.5653
Good's u: 0.9953
Leporidae indet.27
Pedetes capensis5
Hystrix africaeaustralis915 kg browser
Papio ursinus6218 kg
Homo sapiens3
Canis mesomelas2627.9 kg carnivore
Vulpes chama442.7 kg carnivore-frugivore
Otocyon megalotis33.2 kg frugivore-invertivore
Mellivora capensis17.7 kg carnivore-invertivore
Herpestes ichneumon52.9 kg carnivore-insectivore
Cynictis penicillata2910 g insectivore-carnivore
Crocuta crocuta266 kg carnivore
Hyaena brunnea3548 kg carnivore
Felis lybica44.5 kg carnivore
Felis nigripes11.6 kg carnivore
Caracal caracal412 kg carnivore
"Felis caracal"
Panthera pardus332 kg carnivore
Orycteropus afer140 kg insectivore
Procavia capensis121 browser
Equus quagga burchellii37100 kg grazer
"Equus burchelli"
Phacochoerus africanus2182 kg grazer-browser
"Phacochoerus aethiopicus"
Taurotragus oryx3393 kg browser-grazer
Tragelaphus strepsiceros2189 kg browser-grazer
Hippotragus sp.3
Redunca fulvorufula2929 kg
Pelea capreolus1416 kg
Alcelaphini indet.21
Connochaetes gnou or Alcelaphus buselaphus
Damaliscus dorcas783 kg grazer-browser
Connochaetes taurinus4202 kg grazer-browser
Antidorcas marsupialis3640 kg browser-grazer
Raphicerus campestris449.7 kg browser-grazer
Sylvicapra grimmia2213 kg browser-grazer
Ovis aries11
Syncerus caffer1548 kg grazer-browser