Les Auzières 2
Basic information
Sample name: Les Auzières 2

Reference: F. Marchal, H. Monchot, C. Coussot, E. Desclaux, P. Deschamp, C. Thiébaut, J.-J. Bahain, C. Falguères, and J.-M. Dolo. 2009. Neanderthals paleoenvironment on Western Provence: The contribution of Les Auzières 2 (Méthamis, Vaucluse, France). Comptes Rendus Palevol 8(5):493-502 [ER 3105]
Country: France

Coordinate: 44° 1' N, 5° 13' E
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "near the village of Méthamis... at the outlet of the upper Nesque Gorges"
coordinate based on Méthamis
there are three ESR/U-series dates on horse teeth of 60 +/- 8, 69 +/- 7, and 50 +/- 7 ka
Climate and habitat
Lithology: siltstone
Taphonomic context: carnivore accumulation, cave, fluvial deposit
Habitat comments: "All the specimens come from layer Cf" which is split between "clayey silt" (Cf3) and "sandy and clayey silt" (Cf1 and Cf2), both interspersed with "limestone boulder or speleothem", and the silt was deposited by "fluvial sedimentation"
there are 24 "Flint artifacts" that are not in situ and there are no cut marks, so the spotted hyena was "the main collector of the herbivores"
Life forms: carnivores, ungulates
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 173
Years: 1998
Sample: 3391
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-08-29 11:33:01
Modified: 2019-08-29 11:33:01
Abundance distribution
14 species
2 singletons
total count 173
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 3.595
geometric series k: 0.7308
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.8033
Shannon's H: 1.9665
Good's u: 0.9886
Crocuta crocuta spelaea3766 kg carnivore
Canidae indet.19
Vulpes vulpes and possibly also Alopex lagopus
Lynx spelaea5
Ursus sp.2
Felis silvestris14.5 kg carnivore
Equus ferus59
"Equus caballus" compared to "germanicus"
Capra sp.20
Coelodonta antiquitatis12
Cervus elaphus6104 kg
Rupicapra rupicapra327 kg
Megaloceros giganteus3
"Megaceros giganteus"
Mammuthus primigenius3
Bos primigenius2
Equus hydruntinus1