Leopard's Hill Cave (Pre-Nachikufan)
Basic information
Sample name: Leopard's Hill Cave (Pre-Nachikufan)

Reference: R. G. Klein. 1984. Later Stone Age faunal samples from Heuningneskrans Shelter (Transvaal) and Leopard's Hill Cave (Zambia). South African Archaeological Bulletin 39:109-116 [ER 3102]
Country: Zambia

Coordinate: -15.25° S, 28.45° E
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Geography comments: "a dolomite cave on the Zambian plateau roughly 55 km south-east of Lusaka"
"Bracketed between roughly 23 500 and 16 500 B.P. by radiocarbon dates"
Climate and habitat
Lithology: not described
Taphonomic context: cave, human accumulation, tools
Habitat comments: "3, 2 m of deposit overlying weathered bedrock" with this level including "A nondescript 'macrolithic' industry... informally referred to as 'Pre-Nachikufan' or 'Proto-LSA'... the occupants... focused mainly on small and medium-sized ungulates" and "apparently butchered larger animals at the spot where they died and only returned selected parts to the shelter"
Life forms: carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other large mammals, other small mammals
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 287
Years: 1958
Sample: 3388
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-08-28 21:04:39
Modified: 2019-08-28 21:04:39
Abundance distribution
21 species
10 singletons
total count 287
standardised richness: 7.3
Fisher's α: 5.217
geometric series k: 0.7792
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.6887
Shannon's H: 1.6801
Good's u: 0.9652
Leporidae indet.6
Thryonomys swinderianus15.2 kg
Hystrix africaeaustralis2315 kg browser
Canis sp.1
Otocyon megalotis13.2 kg frugivore-invertivore
Mellivora capensis47.7 kg carnivore-invertivore
Aonyx capensis214 kg invertivore-carnivore
Herpestes ichneumon12.9 kg carnivore-insectivore
Mungos mungo31.5 kg insectivore-carnivore
Crocuta crocuta166 kg carnivore
Felidae indet.6
caracal or serval
Hyracoidea indet.1
Equus quagga burchellii38100 kg grazer
"Equus burchelli"
Hippopotamus amphibius1981 kg grazer
Phacochoerus africanus14782 kg grazer-browser
"Phacochoerus aethiopicus"
Alcelaphinae indet.2
hartebeest or tsessebe
Connochaetes taurinus43202 kg grazer-browser
Eudorcas thomsonii120 kg
"Gazella thomsoni"
Sylvicapra grimmia113 kg browser-grazer
Raphicerus sharpei3
Syncerus caffer1548 kg grazer-browser