Prolom II
Basic information
Sample name: Prolom II

Reference: J. G. Enloe, F. David, and G. Baryshnikov. 2000. Hyenas and hunters: zooarchaeological investigations at Prolom II Cave, Crimea. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 10(5):310-324 [ER 3098]
Country: Ukraine

Coordinate: 45° 3' N, 34° 36' E
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "a collapsed cave located on the left bank of the Kuchuk-Karasu River", which is a few km northeast of Bilohirsk (basis of coordinate)
assigned to the "first half of the Würm glacial period, occurring approximately 135000 - 60000 years ago" based on "faunal composition and dental measurements on carnivores and horses"
Climate and habitat
Lithology: not described
Taphonomic context: carnivore accumulation, cave, tools
Habitat comments: there are "eight horizons" and "four cultural layers" with fossils and numerous Middle Palaeolithic stone tools mostly concentrated in the lower part, but there are only "a few" fossils indicating "human hunting or modification" and "The human contribution to the faunal assemblage appears to be minimal" and hyenas were "the main agent for the accumulation and modification of the material"
Life forms: carnivores, ungulates, other small mammals
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 6116
Sampling comments: excavated "beginning in 1977" and "reported by Stepanchuk in 1993"
Sample: 3381
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-08-27 22:36:19
Modified: 2019-08-27 22:36:19
Abundance distribution
18 species
2 singletons
total count 6116
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 2.280
geometric series k: 0.6206
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.6739
Shannon's H: 1.6930
Good's u: 0.9997