Basic information
Sample name: Hanaizumi

Reference: C. J. Norton, Y. Hasegawa, N. Kohno, and Y. Tomida. 2007. Distinguishing archeological and paleontological faunal collections from Pleistocene Japan: taphonomic perspectives from Hanaizumi. Anthropological Science 115(2):91-106 [ER 3097]
Country: Japan

Coordinate: 38° 56' N, 141° 8' E
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "on the middle terrace of the Kinryu River, approximately 10 k south of Ichinoseki City, Iwate Prefecture" (coordinate based on Ichinoseki)
there are 14 14C dates, of which four are anomalously young and the others range from 11690 +- 360 ybp to 36300 + 1910 - 1550 ybp (calibration unclear)
Climate and habitat
Lithology: peat
Taphonomic context: fluvial deposit, human accumulation, tools
Habitat comments: "an open-air site... The Middle Terrace... is comprised of sand, silt, gravel and peat and is approximately 4 m thick... Floral and faunal remains were found on the Middle Terrace... in four peat layers (primarily from layers 3 and 4) that alternated with strata comprised of sand and clay" and the assemblage is "best considered an allochthonous accumulation of fluvial transported bison carcasses, at least some of which were procured and processed by hunter-gatherers"; there are a few stone, bone, and wood tools
Life forms: ungulates
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 1052
Years: 1953 - 1988
Sampling comments: there were 15 field campaigns between 1953 and 1988
two indeterminate "bovid/cervid" and two "micromammal" fossils are also mentioned
Sample: 3380
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-08-27 21:35:45
Modified: 2019-08-27 21:35:45
Abundance distribution
4 species
1 singleton
total count 1052
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 0.526
geometric series k: 0.0985
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.0085
Shannon's H: 0.0352
Good's u: 0.9991