Caverna degli Orsi (sondage A, Unit 11.1)
Basic information
Sample name: Caverna degli Orsi (sondage A, Unit 11.1)

Reference: C. Berto and G. Rubinato. 2013. The upper Pleistocene mammal record from Caverna degli Orsi (San Dorligo della Valle - Dolina, Trieste, Italy): A faunal complex between eastern and western Europe. Quaternary International 284:7-14 [ER 3095]
Country: Italy

Coordinate: 45° 37' N, 13° 51' E
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "about 12 km SE from Trieste, in the karst territory of San Dorligo della Valle - Dolina... on the northwestern slope of Monte Carso" (coordinate based on San Dorligo della Valle)
there is "no geochronometric dating" but faunal and archaeological evidence suggests that the sequence spans "MIS 5 to 2"
Climate and habitat
Lithology: claystone
Taphonomic context: cave, tools
Habitat comments: "very stony" and presumably in a matrix of clay loam or clay because surrounding units are made up of that material
there are artifacts "ascribed to Mousterian industry" from Units 11 and 13 in sondage A and 118 and 120 in sondage B
this was "a cave frequented by cave bears and other large carnivores with sporadic human presence" but the mode of accumulation is not discussed
Life forms: carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 155
Sampling comments: excavations were "carried out between 1993 and 2004"
Sample: 3377
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-08-27 15:42:12
Modified: 2019-08-27 15:42:12
Abundance distribution
12 species
4 singletons
total count 155
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 3.036
geometric series k: 0.6523
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.4730
Shannon's H: 1.1499
Good's u: 0.9742