Raj Cave (layer 6)
Basic information
Sample name: Raj Cave (layer 6)
Sample aka: Paradise Cave

Reference: M. Patou-Mathis. 2004. Subsistence behaviours in a Middle Palaeolithic site in Poland: the Raj Cave. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 14:244-255 [ER 3091]
Country: Poland

Coordinate: 50° 44' 22" N, 20° 30' 12" E
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "in the Bobrzyska Valley, near Kielce"
this is the same as Paradise Cave (basis of coordinate)
"The two cultural layers are dated between 50, 000 and 43, 000 years ago (Kowalski, 1972a)", apparently meaning based on radiocarbon dates
Climate and habitat
Lithology: claystone
Taphonomic context: cave, human accumulation, tools
Habitat comments: "dark-brown sandy clay with a small amount of limestone rubble"
in layer 4, "the acquisition of fauna" was by hunting and "In both cultural layers" tools indicate "that debitage took place on site"
Life forms: carnivores, ungulates
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 283
Sampling comments: the collection was apparently made between discovery of the cave in 1963 and publication of the 1972 monograph by Kowalski
Mustela nivalis, Mustela putorius, Lepus timidus, and Ochotona pusilla are present but not counted
Sample: 3370
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-08-27 11:54:19
Modified: 2019-08-27 11:54:19
Abundance distribution
13 species
1 singleton
total count 283
standardised richness: 7.9
Fisher's α: 2.813
geometric series k: 0.6934
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.8136
Shannon's H: 1.9487
Good's u: 0.9965