Raj Cave (layer 4)
Basic information
Sample name: Raj Cave (layer 4)
Sample aka: Paradise Cave

Reference: M. Patou-Mathis. 2004. Subsistence behaviours in a Middle Palaeolithic site in Poland: the Raj Cave. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 14:244-255 [ER 3091]
Country: Poland

Coordinate: 50° 44' 22" N, 20° 30' 12" E
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "in the Bobrzyska Valley, near Kielce"
this is the same as Paradise Cave (basis of coordinate)
"The two cultural layers are dated between 50, 000 and 43, 000 years ago (Kowalski, 1972a)", apparently meaning based on radiocarbon dates
Climate and habitat
Lithology: claystone
Taphonomic context: cave, human accumulation, tools
Habitat comments: "brown or grey brown sandy clay with a small admixture of limestone rubble"
in layer 4, "scavenging is probable but hunting cannot be totally excluded... In both cultural layers" tools indicate "that debitage took place on site"
Life forms: carnivores, ungulates
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 70
Sampling comments: the collection was apparently made between discovery of the cave in 1963 and publication of the 1972 monograph by Kowalski
Mustela nivalis, Lepus timidus, and Ochotona pusilla are present but not counted
Sample: 3369
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-08-27 11:50:18
Modified: 2019-08-27 11:52:54
Abundance distribution
9 species
2 singletons
total count 70
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 2.747
geometric series k: 0.6655
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.7337
Shannon's H: 1.6341
Good's u: 0.9714