Lynford Quarry
Basic information
Sample name: Lynford Quarry

Reference: D. C. Schreve. 2006. The taphonomy of a Middle Devensian (MIS 3) vertebrate assemblage from Lynford, Norfolk, UK, and its implications for Middle Palaeolithic subsistence strategies. Journal of Quaternary Science 21(5):543-556 [ER 3090]
Country: United Kingdom

Coordinate: 52.51° N, 0.66° E
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "approximately 2 km north-east of the village of Mundford, to the south of the River Wissey" (coordinate based on Mundford)
two radiocarbon dates are too old to be reliable, so the age estimate is based on OSL dates of "64 000 +/- 5000 and 67 000 +/- 5000 yr BP" and the fauna is assigned to the Middle Palaeolithic and MIS 3
Climate and habitat
Lithology: sandstone
Taphonomic context: fluvial deposit, human accumulation, tools
Habitat comments: an open air site; there is a "rich lithic assemblage", humans "contributed in some way to the faunal accumulation", and "this is not predominantly a carnivore-derived accumulation"
"The principle source of the fossils" was "a dark brown-black organic sand... and a black organic sand" from a palaeochannel
Life forms: carnivores, ungulates
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 169
Years: 2002
Sampling comments: there was "Bulk sampling" for microvertebrates, but counts are only given for the megafauna
Sample: 3368
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-08-27 11:16:42
Modified: 2019-08-27 11:16:42
Abundance distribution
9 species
2 singletons
total count 169
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 2.030
geometric series k: 0.5859
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.6907
Shannon's H: 1.4672
Good's u: 0.9882
Canis lupus643 kg carnivore
Vulpes cf. vulpes15.3 kg carnivore-insectivore
Ursus arctos8156 kg frugivore-carnivore
Crocuta crocuta166 kg carnivore
Mammuthus primigenius57
Equus ferus6
Coelodonta antiquitatis14
Rangifer tarandus7269 kg
may include an additional 6 indeterminate cervids
Bison priscus4