Grotte du Bison (Level I)
Basic information
Sample name: Grotte du Bison (Level I)
Sample aka: Arcy-sur-Cure

Reference: J. G. Enloe. 2011. Middle Palaeolithic cave taphonomy: discerning humans from hyenas at Arcy-sur-Cure, France. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 22(5):591-602 [ER 3088]
Country: France

Coordinate: 47° 35' 30" N, 3° 45' 59" E
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: coordinate based on Caves of Arcy-sur-Cure
"Middle Palaeolithic" and the overlying level F has a date (not clear if this is calibrated) of 40, 200 +/- 1500 ybp
Climate and habitat
Lithology: sandstone
Taphonomic context: cave, tools
Habitat comments: "The lithic assemblage of Level I is a denticulate Mousterian" and "corresponds to middle Peniglacial climatic conditions and probably dates to around 50 000 or more years ago... Geologically, this level is not homogeneous, ranging from a very thin, clayey-sand matrix with dense archaeological and faunal remains in the low gallery to the north, to a thick, sandy‐silt matrix with large limestone blocks and slabs from the collapse of the cave entrance roof"
Life forms: carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals
Sampling methods: quarry, screenwash
Sample size: 1444
Years: 2006 - 2008
Sampling comments: "Excavation was commenced in 1995... All sediments were water screened through fine 2-mm mesh" and the reported material was recovered from 2006 to 2008
Sample: 3366
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-08-27 10:06:57
Modified: 2019-08-27 10:08:40
Abundance distribution
14 species
1 singleton
total count 1444
standardised richness: 6.9
Fisher's α: 2.150
geometric series k: 0.6206
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.7630
Shannon's H: 1.7538
Good's u: 0.9993