Grant Hall (Layer 3)
Basic information
Sample name: Grant Hall (Layer 3)
Sample aka: Victoria Fossil Cave

Reference: R. A. Fraser and R. T. Wells. 2006. Palaeontological excavation and taphonomic investigation of the late Pleistocene fossil deposit in Grant Hall, Victoria Fossil Cave, Naracoorte, South Australia. Alcheringa 30(S1):147-161 [ER 3083]
Country: Australia
State: South Australia

Coordinate: 37° 2' S, 140° 48' E
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "within the Victoria Fossil Cave, approximately 50m from the main Fossil Chamber... The age of the Grant Hall fossil deposit has been constrained between 206 Ka and 76 Ka by uranium-series dating of associated speleothems" and there is also an ESR date of 125 ka
coordinate based on Naracoorte Caves National Park
Climate and habitat
Lithology: sandstone
Taphonomic context: cave, pitfall trap
Habitat comments: "The fossil-bearing sediments were sandwiched between separate flowstones that covered the limestone base of the cave and overlaid the sediment's surface... The sediments were largely homogeneous, consisting of a mixture of red/brown and pale yellow medium to fine sub-rounded quartz grains, mixed with darker red-brown clay particles... The natural trapping of unwary animals via a pit-fall was therefore proposed as the predominant method by which the large mammal bones came to be in the cave"
Life forms: rodents, other large mammals, other small mammals, birds, lizards, snakes, turtles
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 853
Years: 2000
Sample: 3359
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-08-26 18:38:15
Modified: 2019-08-26 19:11:39
Abundance distribution
39 species
2 singletons
total count 853
standardised richness: 30.9
Fisher's α: 8.429
geometric series k: 0.8756
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.9270
Shannon's H: 3.0204
Good's u: 0.9977