Hovk-1 Cave (Unit 4)
Basic information
Sample name: Hovk-1 Cave (Unit 4)

Reference: G. Bar-Oz, L. Weissbrod, B. Gasparian, S. Nahapetyan, K. Wilkinson, and R. Pinhasi. 2012. Taphonomy and zooarchaeology of a high-altitude Upper Pleistocene faunal sequence from Hovk-1 Cave, Armenia. Journal of Archaeological Science 39:2452-2463 [ER 3077]
Country: Armenia
State: Tavush

Coordinate: 40° 47' N, 45° 1' E
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "20 km east of Dilijan" (coordinate based on Hovk)
there is an AMS 14C date with a "chronometric age" of 35.55 +/- 0.65 ka
Climate and habitat
Substrate: ground surface
Lithology: limestone
Taphonomic context: cave, pitfall trap
Habitat comments: "The cave is a karstic cavity... a natural trap" (no details concerning lithology are given)
Life forms: carnivores, ungulates, other small mammals, birds
Sampling methods: quarry, screenwash
Sample size: 154
Years: 2005 - 2009
Sampling comments: "Excavation at Hovk-1 was carried out in five seasons between 2005 and 2009... All excavated sediments were wet-sieved through 1 mm mesh and the dried sediments were hand-picked for small bones"
Sample: 3350
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-08-25 19:16:52
Modified: 2019-08-25 20:53:40
Abundance distribution
11 species
4 singletons
total count 154
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 2.711
geometric series k: 0.6255
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.4791
Shannon's H: 1.1480
Good's u: 0.9742
Capra aegagrus10922 kg browser-grazer
Cervus elaphus10104 kg
Capreolus capreolus222 kg browser
Ursus spelaeus11
Canis lupus143 kg carnivore
Vulpes vulpes125.3 kg carnivore-insectivore
Meles meles211 kg invertivore-herbivore
Martes foina11.3 kg carnivore-frugivore
Lynx lynx116 kg carnivore
"Felis lynx"
Lepus europaeus43.4 kg herbivore
Tetragalus caspius1