Zesch Cave
Basic information
Sample name: Zesch Cave
Sample aka: TMM 40685

Reference: J. C. Sagebiel. 2010. Late Pleistocene fauna from Zesch Cave, Mason County, Texas. Quaternary International 217:159-174 [ER 3070]
Country: United States
State: Texas

Coordinate: 30° 45' N, 99° 15' W
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Geography comments: "4 km west of Mason"
"Rancholabrean" (no further age information is given)
Climate and habitat
Substrate: ground surface
Lithology: breccia
Taphonomic context: bird accumulation, pitfall trap
Habitat comments: "a karst collapse breccia with grain sizes ranging from mud (less than 10%) to small boulders (76 cm diameter)... the Zesch Cave local fauna probably is the result of raptor accumulation. However, there is good evidence that Zesch Cave was also a carnivore trap"
Life forms: bats, carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other large mammals, other small mammals, birds, lizards, snakes, turtles, other reptiles, frogs, salamanders, fishes
Sample size: 1346
Years: 1982
Sampling comments: "Boyce Cabaniss collected most of the fossils that are the basis of the present study in the summer of 1982"
Sample: 3343
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-08-25 16:02:33
Modified: 2019-08-30 08:17:12
Abundance distribution
67 species
18 singletons
total count 1346
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 14.824
geometric series k: 0.9191
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.9094
Shannon's H: 3.0519
Good's u: 0.9866
Perciformes indet.2
Ambystoma tigrinum7
Scaphiopus ? couchii2
Anaxyrus sp.13
Lithobates sp.6
Terrapene sp.1
Phrynosoma cornutum3
Crotaphytus cf. collaris6
Rhinocheilus sp.1
questionably referred
Crotalus sp.1
Alligator mississippiensis1
Anas platyrhyncos1
Meleagris gallopavo17.8 kg omnivore
Coragyps sp.2
Zenaida sp.2
Colaptes cf. auratus311.3 g insectivore-frugivore
Dryocopus ? pileatus117.5 g insectivore
Pica pica31 omnivore
Corvus corax7 omnivore
Megalonyx jeffersonii1
"Megalonyx jeffersoni"
Lepus californicus112.1 kg
Sylvilagus floridanus2621.1 kg herbivore
Marmotini indet.14
"Spermophilus sp."
Cynomys ludovicianus11
Thomomys bottae5128 g
Geomys sp.31
Chaetodipus hispidus1332.1 g
Dipodomys sp.13
Reithrodontomys cf. fulvescens3311.5 g
Peromyscus cf. difficilis328.6 g
Peromyscus cf. leucopus1121.0 g
Peromyscus cf. maniculatus119.1 g
Baiomys taylori198.5 g
Onychomys leucogaster2234.7 g
Neotoma sp.39
Microtus cf. ochrogaster1533.9 g
Microtus cf. pinetorum424.0 g
Microtus sp.3
"five closed triangles"
Synaptomys australis8
Zapus hudsonius115.6 g
Sorex hoyi12.8 g
Blarina carolinensis319.3 g
Cryptotis parva14.3 g
Notiosorex crawfordi1
Scalopus aquaticus794.9 g
Eptesicus fuscus1517.2 g insectivore
Myotis sp.60
"medium size"
Myotis velifer1358.6 g insectivore
Canis latrans4612 kg carnivore-insectivore
Canis cf. dirus1
Canis sp.4
lupus or rufus
Urocyon cinereoargenteus604.1 kg frugivore-carnivore
Vulpes sp.31
macrotis or velox
Vulpes vulpes145.3 kg carnivore-insectivore
Ursus americanus238115 kg browser-insectivore
Mephitis sp.30
mepthitis or macroura
Mustela frenata1144 g carnivore
Taxidea taxus17.0 kg carnivore
Felidae indet.2
Leopardus or Herpailurus
Lynx rufus229.0 kg carnivore
Equus sp.15
Platygonus cf. compressus1
Camelops hesternus3
Hemiauchenia macrocephala9
Odocoileus sp.2
Capromeryx sp.3
Bison sp.1