Palegawra Cave
Basic information
Sample name: Palegawra Cave

Reference: P. F. Turnbull and C. A. Reed. 1974. The fauna from the terminal Pleistocene of Paleogawra Cave, a Zarzian occupation site in northeastern Iraq. Fieldiana: Anthropology 63(3):81-146 [ER 3062]
Country: Iraq

Coordinate: 35.59° N, 45.15° E
Basis of coordinate: estimated from map
Geography comments: "in the Baranand Dagh... part of the southwestern foothills of the Zagros Mountains"
shown on a map as close to Bazian (basis of coordinate)
C14 dates of 13, 350 +/- 460 and 14, 400 +/- 760 ybp based on collagen were calibrated with a 5570 year half-life
Climate and habitat
Substrate: ground surface
Lithology: limestone
Taphonomic context: cave
Habitat comments: "semi-cemented limey cave-earth" formed "from limestone dust and gravel with perhaps a little soil" with "travertine" forming "the cementing material"
collections were made by dissolving matrix in "a mild solution of hydrochloric acid" and "by scraping and chiseling the matrix away"
Life forms: bats, carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals
Sampling methods: quarry
Sample size: 2206
Sample: 3329
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-08-23 17:30:05
Modified: 2019-08-25 20:39:08
Abundance distribution
26 species
2 singletons
total count 2206
standardised richness: 7.3
Fisher's α: 4.140
geometric series k: 0.7551
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.6884
Shannon's H: 1.6911
Good's u: 0.9991
Equus hemionus1121 grazer
Meriones cf. persicus86
Cervus elaphus456104 kg
Spalax leucodon29
Ovis gmelini134
"Ovis orientalis"
Capra aegagrus hircus9722 kg browser-grazer
"Capra hircus aegagrus": 390 indeterminate Ovis or Capra specimens are also present
Gazella subgutturosa9517 kg grazer
Vulpes vulpes335.3 kg carnivore-insectivore
Lepus cf. capensis11
Ochotona cf. rufescens7
Mesocricetus sp.6
Sus scrofa6854 kg herbivore
Hemiechinus auritus7
Bos primigenius19
Ellobius cf. fuscocapillus3
Arvicola cf. terrestris2
Martes cf. foina21.3 kg carnivore-frugivore
Canis sp.13
indeterminate wolf and dog specimens, including one specimen of "Canis familiaris"
Lynx lynx416 kg carnivore
"Felis lynx"
Felis cf. chaus25.3 kg carnivore
Cricetulus cf. migratorius1
Mustela cf. putorius3656 g carnivore
Erinaceus europaeus2
Meles meles211 kg invertivore-herbivore
Microtus cf. socialis2
Chiroptera indet.1