Basic information
Sample name: Bethlehem

Reference: F. T. Buschke. 2016. A camera trap survey of nocturnal mammals on former farmland in the eastern Free State Province, South Africa, 10 years after removing livestock. African Journal of Ecology 54(4):514-518 [ER 2855]
Country: South Africa
State: Free

Coordinate: -28.253° S, 28.303° E
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Geography comments: "a 65-ha smallholding on the outskirts of the town of Bethlehem... surrounded by residential areas" and "separated from the adjacent Wolhuterskop nature reserve by a 1.8 m game fence... a commercial dairy farm since the 1940s, the last cattle were removed in 2004"
Climate and habitat
Habitat: tropical/subtropical savanna
Altered habitat: fragment
Protection: unprotected
Substrate: ground surface
Habitat comments: "low-lying wetlands, a wood stand of poplar trees (Populus alba), grassland and boulder-strewn sandstone outcrops"
Life forms: carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other large mammals, other small mammals
Sampling methods: no design, automatic cameras
Sample size: 343
Years: 2014, 2015
Days: 202
Nets or traps: 1
Net or trap nights: 202
Camera type: digital
Cameras paired: no
Sampling comments: "I placed an eight-megapixel Bushnell Trophy Trail Camera at localities where mammals were most likely to pass... A single camera was set at a different locality every afternoon at approximately 16.30 and removed the following morning at 07.30 (15 h) between 09 August 2014 and 28 February 2015 (202 days)
Sample: 3089
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2018-09-08 17:21:19
Modified: 2018-09-08 17:21:19
Abundance distribution
12 species
1 singleton
total count 343
standardised richness: 8.1
Fisher's α: 2.419
geometric series k: 0.6533
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.8005
Shannon's H: 1.8905
Good's u: 0.9971
Aepyceros melampus10851 kg browser-grazer
Sylvicapra grimmia2213 kg browser-grazer
Procavia capensis5 browser
Leptailurus serval1310 kg carnivore
Canis mesomelas47.9 kg carnivore
Genetta genetta171.7 kg insectivore-frugivore
Cynictis penicillata1910 g insectivore-carnivore
Galerella pulverulenta7787 g carnivore-insectivore
"Herpestes pulverulentus"
Ichneumia albicauda33.1 kg invertivore-carnivore
Lepus saxatilis492.0 kg
Hystrix africaeaustralis8715 kg browser
Aethomys namaquensis2745.0 g herbivore