Basic information
Sample name: Cambuí

Reference: A. C. R. Andrade-Silva, A. Nemésio, F. F. de Oliveira, and F. S. Nascimento. 2012. Spatial-temporal variation in orchid bee communities (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in remnants of arboreal caatinga in the Chapada Diamantina region, state of Bahia, Brazil. Neotropical Entomology 41:296-305 [ER 2453]
Country: Brazil
State: Bahia

Coordinate: 10° 27' 53" S, 40° 21' 45" W
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Geography comments: "at the Fazenda Formosa... a private property located 7.5 km from the town of Campo Formoso in the region of Chapada Diamantina... The local altitude ranges from 400 to 800 m asl" and the fragment is 179 ha
Climate and habitat
Habitat: desert/xeric shrubland
Altered habitat: secondary forest
Protection: unprotected
Substrate: ground surface
Habitat comments: "the climate in the region is classified as sub-humid tropical, with annual precipitation of 302 mm to 1, 935 mm, with a marked rainy season from March to August" and the site is in "arboreal Caatinga" and is "secondary forest in an advanced stage of succession, with a canopy of 5 to 12 m in height, and surrounded by pasture"
Life forms: orchid bees
Sampling methods: no design, baited, other traps
Sample size: 161
Years: 2009, 2010
Days: 14
Nets or traps: 18
Net or trap nights: 252
Sampling comments: "Specimens were monthly collected from May, 2009 to April, 2010. Three sampling sites were established in each fragment with a distance of at least 200 m from the nearest edge in order to minimize the edge effects... and at least 400 m from each other. Each of the nine sites was monitored between 07:00 and 17:00 hours on a single day monthly, with a total sampling effort of 1, 080 h. A passive collecting method (trapping) was employed using six types of artificial fragrance as baits-eucalyptol, eugenol, vanillin, methyl salicylate, benzyl acetate, and β- ionone. Eighteen traps were set at each fragment, from a height of 1.5 m above the ground. The traps were made with 2-l plastic soda bottles with three short, inverted funnels inside. A pendulum with a swab of cotton wool soaked in fragrance was fixed in the cap of the basal bottle"
Sample: 2721
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2017-04-17 15:34:53
Modified: 2020-01-14 21:12:32
Abundance distribution
8 species
1 singleton
total count 161
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 1.769
geometric series k: 0.5572
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.7680
Shannon's H: 1.6571
Good's u: 0.9938