São Carlos
Basic information
Sample name: São Carlos

Reference: M. M. López-Uribe, C. A. Oi, and M. A. del Lama. 2008. Nectar-foraging behavior of Euglossine bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in urban areas. Apidologie 39:410-418 [ER 2449]
Country: Brazil
State: São Paulo

Coordinate: 22° 1' S, 47° 53' W
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "inside the urban area of the city of São Carlos (SP-Brazil) located between 21º30’S 47º30’W and 22º30’S 48º30’W... All sites were found on street sidewalks within the urban perimeter" (this range is very large, so the coordinate is based on São Carlos)
Climate and habitat
Habitat: tropical/subtropical savanna
Altered habitat: inhabited area
Protection: unprotected
Substrate: ground surface
MAP: 1400.0
Habitat comments: "The climate of the region is bimodal, with dry winters (April–September), wet summers (October–May)... The native vegetation of the area was mainly composed of savannas, arboreal savannas and riparian forests, but it is currently very fragmented, with only 7% of its original coverage remaining"
Life forms: orchid bees
Sites: 12
Sampling methods: no design, hand capture
Sample size: 878
Years: 2005, 2006
Sampling comments: "Twelve sites of T. peruviana trees were sampled, located at linear distances ranging from 0.24– 5.45 km apart... For four months in 2005 (Feb–Mar; Nov, Nov– Dec) and seven months in 2006 (Jan–Jul), every site was sampled at least once every two weeks for a two-hour period... Euglossines were collected in plastic bags while visiting T. peruviana flowers... The vials were then opened until the bees found their way out and flew away"
Sample: 2710
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2017-04-16 20:34:53
Modified: 2020-01-14 16:09:34
Abundance distribution
4 species
0 singletons
total count 878
standardised richness: 4.0
Fisher's α: 0.541
geometric series k: 0.1666
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.3895
Shannon's H: 0.6195
Good's u: 1.0000