Sima del Elefante (TE18)
Basic information
Sample name: Sima del Elefante (TE18)

Reference: J. M. López-García, H.-A. Blain, R. de Marfà, A. García, J. Martinell, M. L. I. Bennàsar, and G. Cuenca-Bescós. 2011. Small-mammals from the Middle Pleistocene layers of the Sima del Elefante (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, northwestern Spain). Geologica Acta 9(1):29-43 [ER 2368]
Country: Spain

Coordinate: 42° 22' 0" N, 3° 31' 20" W
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "Atapuerca... near the city of Burgos" (coordinate based on the Atapuerca archaeological site)
"The large-mammal association... is typical of the last third of the Middle Pleistocene (0.35 - 0.15 Ma)"
Climate and habitat
Substrate: ground surface
Lithology: conglomerate
Habitat comments: "infilled karstic cave site" with the fossils coming from "gravels and boulders with cross-lamination"
Life forms: bats, rodents, other small mammals
Sampling methods: quarry, screenwash
Sample size: 21
Years: 2001 - 2004
Sampling comments: "disarticulated bone fragments collected by water screening during the 2001 to 2004 excavation campaigns... All the sediment (approximately 2, 000kg) was water-screened using superimposed 10, 5 and 0.5mm mesh screens" (figure applies to both layers combined)
Sample: 2546
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2017-02-15 11:46:34
Modified: 2017-02-15 11:46:34
Abundance distribution
7 species
3 singletons
total count 21
standardised richness: not computable
Fisher's α: 3.677
geometric series k: 0.7230
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.7690
Shannon's H: 1.6826
Good's u: 0.8618