Parque Estadual do Turvo (trail)
Basic information
Sample name: Parque Estadual do Turvo (trail)

Reference: G. L. Melo, J. Sponchiado, and N. C. Cáceres. 2012. Use of camera-traps in natural trails and shelters for the mammalian survey in the Atlantic Forest. Iheringia 102(1):88-94 [ER 1787]
Country: Brazil
State: Rio Grande do Sul

Coordinate: 27° 10' S, 53° 55' W
Basis of coordinate: stated in text as range
Geography comments: "in the municipality of Derrubadas in northwestern Rio Grande do Sul"
Climate and habitat
Habitat: tropical/subtropical moist broadleaf forest
Protection: national/state park
Substrate: ground surface
WMT: 22.0
CMT: 7.5
MAP: 1665.0
Habitat comments: "The climate is subtropical humid temperate, with hot summers (Cfa according to the Köppen classification). The mean temperature of the warmest month (January) is above 22°C, while that of the coldest month (July) ranges from -3 to 18°C. Rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year"
Life forms: carnivores, primates, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals
Site area: 5200.000
Sampling methods: no design, automatic cameras
Sample size: 65
Years: 2009
Nets or traps: 7
Net or trap nights: 118
Camera type: unclear
Cameras paired: no
Trap spacing: 0.767
Sampling comments: "The study was carried out in four field phases: May, July, September and November 2009, with camera-traps monitored for 6 complete days in each field phase. Fourteen camera-traps were installed: seven in shelter sites and seven along natural trails inside the forest... The camera-traps were installed... with no bait... Camera-traps at adjacent natural trail stations were placed at least 200 m apart and maximum of 1, 850 m between paired stations (mean = 767; SD = 715 m), with a distance of at least 100 m between those at adjacent shelter stations (with a maximum of 1500 m; mean = 740; SD = 555 m)... . We estimate that our sampling covered about 5, 200 ha of the park... The total effort expended in this study was 336" over the two sets of cameras
Sample: 1994
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2016-01-31 21:33:46
Modified: 2016-01-31 21:37:31
Abundance distribution
13 species
7 singletons
total count 65
standardised richness: 9.7
Fisher's α: 4.886
geometric series k: 0.7859
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.8185
Shannon's H: 2.0104
Good's u: 0.8923
Cebus nigritus1
Nasua nasua74.4 kg invertivore-frugivore
Eira barbara14.1 kg frugivore-carnivore
Cerdocyon thous15.2 kg carnivore-frugivore
Leopardus wiedii12.3 kg carnivore
Leopardus pardalis58.3 kg carnivore
Panthera onca186 kg carnivore
Herpailurus yagouaroundi16.0 kg carnivore
"Puma yagouaroundi"
Mazama spp.5
Pecari tajacu1821 kg browser
Tapirus terrestris6198 kg browser-frugivore
Dasyprocta azarae17
Sylvilagus brasiliensis1