North of the Michigamme Reservoir
Basic information
Sample name: North of the Michigamme Reservoir

Reference: B. Bowman, J. L. Belant, D. E. Beyer Jr, and D. Martel. 2015. Characterizing nontarget species use at bait sites for white-tailed deer. Human-Wildlife Interactions 9(1):110-118 [ER 1772]
Country: United States
State: Michigan

Coordinate: 46° 13' N, 88° 14' W
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Geography comments: "north of the Michigamme Reservoir... The general study area boundaries follow State Highway M-95 on the east, US Highway 41/28 on the north, US Highway 141 on the west, and State Highway M-69 on the south"
Climate and habitat
Habitat: temperate broadleaf/mixed forest
Substrate: ground surface
MAT: 4.3
MAP: 860.0
Habitat comments: "Land covers include deciduous forests (38%), woody wetlands (29%), mixed forests (13%), conifer forests (6%), open water (4%), grassland and herbaceous (3%), developed (3%), and other (3%)"
MAT stated in text is 4C
climate data are for the Sylvania Wilderness-Recreation Area of the Ottawa National Forest and are from Fujinuma et al. (2005, Biogeochemistry)
Life forms: carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals, birds
Site area: 16000.000
Sampling methods: no design, baited, automatic cameras
Sample size: 3072
Days: 16
Nets or traps: 64
Net or trap nights: 1024
Camera type: digital
Cameras paired: no
Sampling comments: "The study was conducted from August 20 to September 4, 2012. We first created a non-overlapping 8 m x 8 m grid across the study area, with each grid cell 2.5 km2 (Figure 1). In each cell, we placed a [Bushnell Infrared Trophy] camera... We placed 7.5 L of whole-kernel corn (the maximum amount of bait allowed by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources) at each site 6 to 7 meters from the cameras"
Sample: 1976
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2016-01-26 16:31:35
Modified: 2016-12-16 19:18:33
Abundance distribution
19 species
2 singletons
total count 3072
Fisher's α: 2.700
geometric series k: 0.6662
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.6841
Shannon's H: 1.5285
Good's u: 0.9993
Odocoileus virginianus149776 kg herbivore
Procyon lotor7585.5 kg carnivore-granivore
Ursus americanus361115 kg browser-insectivore
Tamias striatus99113 g frugivore-insectivore
Sciurus spp.88
Lepus americanus471.4 kg browser
Taxidea taxus57.0 kg carnivore
Canis latrans512 kg carnivore-insectivore
Mephitis mephitis41.5 kg carnivore-insectivore
Mustela erminea3121 g
Canis lupus344 kg carnivore
Lynx rufus19.0 kg carnivore
Erethizon dorsatum19.9 kg herbivore
Cyanocitta cristata92 insectivore-granivore
Corvus brachyrhynochos77
Bonasa umbellus15566 g omnivore
Meleagris gallopavo67.8 kg omnivore
Poecile atricapillus510.8 g
Grus canadensis58.3 g