Ruaha National Park (dry season, random placement)
Basic information
Sample name: Ruaha National Park (dry season, random placement)

Reference: J. J. Cusack, A. J. Dickman, J. M. Rowcliffe, C. Carbone, D. W. Macdonald, and T. Coulson. 2015. Random versus game trail-based camera trap placement strategy for monitoring terrestrial mammal communities. PLOS ONE 10(e0126373):1-14 [ER 1751]
Geography
Country: Tanzania

Coordinate: 7° 38' 30" S, 34° 54' 30" E
Basis of coordinate: stated in text as range
Geography comments: "Our study focuses on an area of approximately 100 km2 situated close to the Park headquarters "
elevation 801 to 956 m
Climate and habitat
Habitat: tropical/subtropical savanna
Protection: national/state park
Substrate: ground surface
MAT: 21.0
MAP: 500.0
Habitat comments: "semi-arid to arid, with rainfall peaks occurring from December to January and March to April... The vegetation cover is a mosaic of typical East African semi-arid savannah and northerly Zambesian miombo woodland"
MAP stated in text; MAT is for Mfyome (north of Iringa) and is from Lund and Treue (2008, World Development)
Methods
Life forms: carnivores, primates, rodents, ungulates, other large mammals
Site area: 10800.000
Sampling methods: no design, automatic cameras
Sample size: 2782
Years: 2013, 2015
Nets or traps: 54
Net or trap nights: 2820
Camera type: digital
Cameras paired: no
Sampling comments: "The study area was first divided into 2-km2 grid cells... Fifty-four adjacent cells were then selected" and cameras were placed on natural game trails... Both cameras within a sampling pair were of the same model" (Reconyx HC500); camera pairs were separated by up to 50 m, with "random" and "trail-based" cameras yielding separate counts; "Sampling periods consisted of 8 successive weeks in both the dry (19th September 201318th November 2013) and wet season (21st December 201321st February 2014)"
Metadata
Sample: 1953
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2016-01-20 13:41:49
Modified: 2016-12-15 20:29:40
Abundance distribution
38 species
6 singletons
total count 2782
Fisher's α: 6.225
geometric series k: 0.8261
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.7874
Shannon's H: 2.2352
Good's u: 0.9978
Register
Cercopithecus pygerythrus9
Papio cynocephalus9516 kg browser-grazer
Canis mesomelas447.9 kg carnivore
Otocyon megalotis443.2 kg frugivore-invertivore
Mellivora capensis37.7 kg carnivore-invertivore
Mungos mungo31.5 kg insectivore-carnivore
Bdeogale crassicauda2 invertivore-carnivore
Galerella sanguinea9 carnivore-insectivore
"Herpestes sanguinea"
Ichneumia albicauda353.1 kg invertivore-carnivore
Crocuta crocuta9966 kg carnivore
Proteles cristata199.1 kg insectivore
Genetta genetta181.7 kg insectivore-frugivore
Genetta tigrina11.8 kg invertivore-carnivore
Civettictis civetta1514 kg frugivore-insectivore
Felis silvestris24.5 kg carnivore
Leptailurus serval410 kg carnivore
"Felis serval"
Caracal caracal112 kg carnivore
"Felis caracal"
Panthera pardus1232 kg carnivore
Panthera leo12 carnivore
Smutsia temminckii1
Hystrix cristata112 kg
Orycteropus afer1340 kg insectivore
Loxodonta africana3542.7 kg browser-grazer
Equus quagga162100 kg grazer
Hippopotamus amphibius42981 kg grazer
Potamochoerus larvatus138 kg grazer-browser
Phacochoerus africanus3482 kg grazer-browser
Giraffa camelopardalis229942 kg browser
Syncerus caffer10544 kg grazer-browser
Tragelaphus scriptus631 kg browser-grazer
Tragelaphus imberbis2092 kg
Tragelaphus strepsiceros170189 kg browser-grazer
Taurotragus oryx4393 kg browser-grazer
Sylvicapra grimmia6013 kg browser-grazer
Madoqua kirkii524.8 kg browser
Nanger granti152 kg
"Gazella granti"
Aepyceros melampus117351 kg browser-grazer
Kobus ellipsiprymnus22210 kg grazer-browser