Nuristan Province
Basic information
Sample name: Nuristan Province

Reference: K. Stevens, A. Deghan, M. Karlstetter, F. Rawan, M. I. Tawhid, S. Ostrowski, J. M. Ali, and R. Ali. 2011. Large mammals surviving conflict in the eastern forests of Afghanistan. Oryx 45(2):265-271 [ER 1713]
Country: Afghanistan
State: Nuristan

Coordinate: 35° 10' N, 70° 53' E
Basis of coordinate: estimated from map
Geography comments: altitude 1070 to 4500 m
Climate and habitat
Habitat: temperate broadleaf/mixed forest
Substrate: ground surface
Disturbance: hunting
Habitat comments: "historically characterized by extended oak Quercus spp. forests up to 2, 500 m, where they are displaced by coniferous forests comprising juniper Juniperus spp., pine Pinus spp. and deodar cedar Cedrus deodara. The tree line is at 3, 600 m and, above that, there are alpine shrublands, heaths and meadows... All cameras were placed within oak and coniferous forests"
Life forms: carnivores, rodents
Site area: 5000.000
Sampling methods: no design, automatic cameras
Sample size: 391
Years: 2007, 2009
Seasons: winter, spring
Nets or traps: 5
Net or trap nights: 901
Camera type: analog
Cameras paired: yes
Sampling comments: "We overlaid a grid of 27 squares of 50 km2 over the study site; not all the grids covered forest... Teams also conducted three camera-trap surveys in August 2007, November–December 2007 and January – March 2009 in six of the 50-km2 grid cells that, according to residents and survey teams, had intact forest cover and evidence of common leopard. Ten camera traps were placed in five pairs" (presumably in each cell); Wildlife Pro and Deer Cam film camera pairs were used; there were "9–10 sites per grid cell, totalling 97 sites" and "After 10 days of trapping the five camera pairs were moved to another five sites within the grid cell" (meaning that at any one time, density was five stations per 50 km2)
separate counts are given for the three field campaigns but are lumped here because the trap night total cannot be broken down
Sample: 1910
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2016-01-10 21:03:28
Modified: 2016-01-12 17:49:13
Abundance distribution
8 species
0 singletons
total count 391
standardised richness: 8.0
Fisher's α: 1.424
geometric series k: 0.5425
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.6426
Shannon's H: 1.3683
Good's u: 1.0000
Vulpes vulpes555.3 kg carnivore-insectivore
Canis sp.43
Hystrix indica217
Ursus thibetanus4563 kg browser-frugivore
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus222.4 kg frugivore-insectivore
Martes flavigula32.8 kg carnivore
Prionailurus bengalensis33.4 kg carnivore
Felis sp.3