Billa Kalina Station
Basic information
Sample name: Billa Kalina Station

Reference: H. P. Waudby and S. Petit. 2015. Small Australian desert vertebrate responses to grazing intensity during La Niña. Ecological Research 30:715-722 [ER 1687]
Geography
Country: Australia
State: South Australia

Coordinate: 29° 55' 2" S, 136° 11' 14" E
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Climate and habitat
Habitat: desert/xeric shrubland
Substrate: ground surface
Disturbance: grazing
MAT: 19.5
MAP: 166.0
Habitat comments: "extensive areas of cracking-clay soils set among gibber (stony) plains... grazed by sheep from the 1890s to the late 1920s, and then by cattle until the present"
climate data are for "20 km north of Roxby Downs" and are from James and Eldridge (2007, Biol Conserv); mean annual daily min/max 4/35º C
Methods
Life forms: rodents, other small mammals, lizards, snakes, frogs
Sites: 6
Sampling methods: line transect, quadrat, baited, drift fences, Elliott traps, pitfall traps
Sample size: 1393
Years: 2009 - 2011
Net or trap nights: 17123
Sampling comments: "We trapped small vertebrates at six sites (three ‘‘grazed’’ and three ‘‘less-grazed’’)... We used pitfall and aluminium, box-style or ‘‘Elliott’’ traps (Elliott Scientific, Victoria, Australia) to sample small vertebrates... Two types of pitfall traps were used to trap small vertebrates: 70-cm deep polyvinyl chloride (PVC) drainage pipes with a 15-cm diameter and 40-cm deep PVC buckets with a 29-cm diameter... Traps were alternated along two lines of eight traps, at each of the six sites (16 traps at each site) and spaced 10 m apart. Pitfall trap lines were spaced 30 m apart. Aluminium fly-wire drift-net fencing (30 cm high when installed) was placed over the length of the pitfall trap lines, through the traps’ centre. An additional 10 m of fencing was placed on either side of the first and last pitfall trap on each line... We installed Elliott traps at each site in 9 · 9 grid formations (81 traps at each site) during trapping. Elliott trap grids were located approximately 50 m from pitfall trap lines; individual traps were spaced 20 m apart and baited with boluses of peanut butter and oats... We completed 14, 608 pitfall and Elliott trap nights (n = 3897 winter trap nights or 0.27 % of all trap nights), and 2515 pitfall trap days from April 2009 to May 2011 during 22 trapping events (one event was equivalent to a full trapping session, or 3–4 nights, for one pair of sites)"
includes counts for "grazed" and "less-grazed" sites
Metadata
Sample: 1876
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2016-01-02 10:31:23
Modified: 2016-01-02 10:31:23
Abundance distribution
24 species
2 singletons
total count 1393
Fisher's α: 4.119
geometric series k: 0.7726
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.8454
Shannon's H: 2.2012
Good's u: 0.9986
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