Sandrock Cliff (fall)
Basic information
Sample name: Sandrock Cliff (fall)

Reference: A. R. Weisbrod, C. J. Burnett, J. G. Turner, and D. W. Warner. 1993. Migrating birds at a stopover site in the Saint Croix River Valley. Wilson Bulletin 105(2):265-284 [ER 727]
Country: United States
State: Minnesota

Coordinate: 45° 47' 30" N, 92° 45' 30" W
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Climate and habitat
Habitat: temperate broadleaf/mixed forest
Altered habitat: secondary forest
Substrate: ground surface
MAT: 5.5
MAP: 850.0
Habitat comments: "amid abandoned river channels and extensive forest lands logged during the 19th Century... An alder swale, a conifer swamp, an island floodplain forest, a pine barren forest, and an upland hardwood forest [and a sedge fen habitat] were selected as five primary habitats for study"
forest plots ranged in age from 40 to 140 years
MAP regionally ranges from 70 to 100 cm
Life forms: birds
Sites: 5
Sampling methods: mist nets
Sample size: 11882
Years: 1985 - 1987
Days: 43
Seasons: autumn
Nets or traps: 60
Net or trap nights: 2580
Sampling comments: overall sampling effort is 43 days using 12 nets set in each of five plots
net hours are also reported
Sample: 1053
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2014-08-18 20:48:22
Modified: 2014-08-18 20:48:22
Abundance distribution
105 species
17 singletons
total count 11882
Fisher's α: 15.860
geometric series k: 0.9310
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.9520
Shannon's H: 3.5738
Good's u: 0.9986
Accipiter striatus169.7 g carnivore
Buteo platypterus7420 g carnivore
Bonasa umbellus8566 g omnivore
Porzana carolina174.8 g granivore
Scolopax minor8176 g
Coccyzus erythropthalmus750.9 g
Strix varia1632 g
Aegolius acadicus277.4 g
Chordeiles minor179.3 g insectivore
Archilochus colubris2802.9 g nectarivore
Ceryle alcyon1148 g piscivore
Melanerpes erythrocephalus171.6 g insectivore
Sphyrapicus varius1950.3 g insectivore
Picoides pubescens472.8 g insectivore
Picoides villosus162.7 g insectivore
Colaptes auratus511.3 g insectivore-frugivore
Dryocopus pileatus117.5 g insectivore
Contopus borealis5 insectivore
Contopus virens3813.9 g insectivore
Empidonax flaviventris11811.8 g insectivore
Empidonax virescens112.6 g insectivore
Empidonax "traillii complex"130
Empidonax minimus24510.0 g insectivore
Sayornis phoebe4119.7 g insectivore
Myiarchus crinitus1032.1 g frugivore-insectivore
Stelgidopteryx serripennis13.9 g insectivore
Cyanocitta cristata89 insectivore-granivore
Poecile atricapillus24810.8 g
"Parus atricapillus"
Sitta canadensis489.8 g insectivore
Sitta carolinensis4221.0 g insectivore
Certhia americana1758.1 g insectivore
Troglodytes aedon141.8 g insectivore
Trodlodytes troglodytes81
Cistothorus platensis52.3 g insectivore
Regulus satrapa1456.3 g insectivore
Regulus calendula3956.5 g insectivore
Polioptila caerulea25.8 g insectivore
Sialia sialis127.5 g insectivore
Catharus fuscescens10731.9 g insectivore-frugivore
Catharus minimus3932.6 g insectivore-frugivore
Catharus ustulatus45530.3 g insectivore-frugivore
Catharus guttatus6930.1 g insectivore-frugivore
Hylocichla mustelina3247.8 g insectivore-frugivore
Turdus migratorius1378.5 g insectivore-frugivore
Dumetella carolinensis5835.3 g insectivore-frugivore
Toxostoma rufum168.8 g insectivore
Bombycilla cedrorum14630.6 g insectivore-frugivore
Vireo solitarius11915.3 g insectivore-frugivore
Vireo flavifrons2918.0 g insectivore
Vireo gilvus23.4 g insectivore-frugivore
Vireo philadelphicus7911.5 g insectivore
Vireo olivaceus5082.6 g insectivore-frugivore
Vermivora pinus18.9 g insectivore
Vermivora chrysoptera998.9 g insectivore
Vermivora "leucobronchialis"2
Vermivora peregrina5478.9 g insectivore
Vermivora celata503.1 g insectivore
Vermivora ruficapilla10688.3 g insectivore
Parula americana62.8 g insectivore
Setophaga petechia29
"Dendroica petechia"
Setophaga pensylvanica311
"Dendroica pensylvanica"
Dendroica magnolia4948.4 g insectivore-frugivore
Dendroica tigrina2510.3 g insectivore
Dendroica caerulescens410.5 g insectivore
Dendroica coronata16963.5 g insectivore-frugivore
Dendroica virens258.9 g insectivore-frugivore
Dendroica fusca1910.0 g insectivore
Dendroica pinus122.3 g insectivore
Dendroica palmarum8310.3 g insectivore
Dendroica castanea11811.8 g insectivore
Dendroica striata7712.3 g insectivore
Setophaga cerulea1
"Dendroica cerulea"
Mniotilta varia12810.9 g insectivore
Setophaga ruticilla3548.4 g insectivore
Seiurus aurocapilla59518.8 g insectivore
"Seiurus aurocapillus"
Seiurus noveboracensis34416.3 g insectivore
Seiurus motacilla319.9 g insectivore
Oporornis agilis2413.3 g insectivore
Oporornis philadelphia6412.0 g insectivore
Geothlypis trichas5602.1 g insectivore
Wilsonia pusilla872.6 g insectivore-frugivore
Wilsonia canadensis13010.3 g insectivore-frugivore
Piranga olivacea5028.2 g insectivore
Pheucticus ludovicianus8742.0 g insectivore-frugivore
Passerina cyanea1315.0 g granivore-insectivore
Pipilo erythrophthalmus141.3 g insectivore-granivore
Spizella passerina512.2 g insectivore-granivore
Spizella pallida311.2 g
Spizella pusilla112.5 g insectivore
Passerculus sandwichensis31.7 g insectivore
Ammodramus bairdii14.3 g
Ammodramus henslowii112.8 g
Passerella iliaca332.0 g insectivore-granivore
Melospiza melodia981.6 g insectivore-granivore
Melospiza lincolinii54
Melospiza georgiana12316.1 g insectivore-granivore
Zonotrichia albicollis26924.4 g insectivore-granivore
Zonotrichia leucophrys42.0 g insectivore-granivore
Junco hyemalis561.6 g insectivore-granivore
Icterus galbula233.9 g insectivore-frugivore
Carpodacus purpureus7423.3 g granivore
Loxia leucoptera15.5 g granivore
Carduelis pinus1912.7 g granivore
Carduelis tristis10313.1 g insectivore-granivore
Coccothraustes vespertinus137.5 g granivore