Pheidole (ant)

Abundance: 0.03 to 89.77% (median 15.50%)

Latitudinal range: -38.3° to 41.0°

Habitats: Mediterranean woodland (3), desert/xeric shrubland (6), temperate broadleaf/mixed forest (13), temperate savanna (2), temperate wetland (1), tropical/subtropical dry broadleaf forest (45), tropical/subtropical moist broadleaf forest (44), tropical/subtropical savanna (15), tropical/subtropical wetland (1)

Found in 130 samples

Argentina: Las Gamas (PS), Iberá lagoon (Winkler)

Australia: West Canungra Creek, Glen Osmond (normal), Glen Osmond (previously inverted), Dwellingup (Amphion unburnt jarrah), Durokoppin Reserve (heath), Bowen Basin Site A, Perth garden (control 1), Deans Heath site 6, West Pymble (undamaged), Territory Wildlife Park (leaf litter), Territory Wildlife Park (ground), Territory Wildlife Park (arboreal), Purnululu National Park (spinifex), Brooklyn (rain forest), La Trobe University Bundoora (test tube traps), La Trobe University Bundoora (cup traps), Durokoppin Reserve (yellow sand farmland), Mitchell Falls (laterite), Brooklyn (rain-forest regrowth)

Brazil: Laboratório de Ecologia de Insetos (Farm Shed), Laboratório de Ecologia de Insetos (Wetlands Site), Malafai Farm (grassland), Fazenda Rio Negro, Campo de Provas da Marambaia (FN. 1), Fazenda Someco, Ivinhema (eucalyptus plantation), Campo Experimental Água Boa, Usina São José (sugarcane plantation), Usina São José (Atlantic Forest), Douradinho Farm (gallery forest, pitfall traps), Panga Ecological Station (Area 1), Paraguaçu Paulista, Pentecoste (July 2008), Parque Municipal Bosque John Kennedy (January), Michelin Ecologic Preservation Area (pristine forest, pitfall traps), Michelin Ecologic Preservation Area (secondary forest, pitfall traps), Michelin Ecologic Preservation Area (rubber tree-cocoa agroforestry, pitfall traps), Instituto Biológico (pitfall traps), Instituto Biológico (leaf litter), Barra do Choça Remnant 1 (Winkler sacks), Barra do Choça Remnant 1 (pitfall traps), Barra do Choça Remnant 2 (Winkler sacks), Barra do Choça Remnant 2 (pitfall traps)

Cameroon: Bokito (2006), La Belqique (near primary forest), La Belqique (very old secondary forest)

China: Mount Demula and Bomi Valley, Yayi Town (plot IV), Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Shenzhen City (park), Pu'er City, Lüchun County, Shuangjiang County, Mojiang County

Colombia: Bosque El Hatico, El Cipres (regeneration area), Sachamate, Alejandría

Costa Rica: La Selva Biological Station (Winkler samples), Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve (ground), Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve (canopy), Monteverde Cloud Forest Preserve (12 year gap), Monteverde Cloud Forest Preserve (12 year intact)

Ecuador: Reserva Biologíca San Francisco (rainfall excluded, 96 hour extraction), Reserva Bosque Integral Otonga (T-LL1, pitfall traps), Otongachi (clay banks), Otongachi (leaf litter)

French Guiana: Nouragues Research Station (liana forest)

Ghana: Southern Ghana

Guyana: Calm Water Creek

India: Sharavathi River Basin (deciduous forest), Sukarala (pitfall trap), Uppungala, Great Indian Bustard Wildlife Sanctuary (undisturbed, March 2010, pitfall traps), Sharavathi River Basin (Acacia plantations), Sharavathi River Basin (scrub jungles), Sharavathi River Basin (evergreen forests)

Indonesia: Bogor Botanic Garden

Ivory Coast: Lamto reserve (forest), Lamto reserve (rural forest), Lamto reserve (food crop plantations), Lamto reserve (cocoa plantations), Lamto reserve (pineapple plantations)

Madagascar: Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andohahela (430 m)

Malaysia: Kinabulu National Park (BD epigaeic pitfall traps), Danum Valley Field Centre (100 m from edge), Perak Integrated Timber Complex (2008), Perak Integrated Timber Complex (2009), Ginseng Camp (winkler bag), Ginseng Camp (pitfall trap, 100 m transect)

Mexico: Jardín Botánico de Zapotitlán de las Salinas, Mapimi Biosphere Reserve (Conglomerate Hill), Cerro de la Culebra (zona baja), Centro de Investigaciones Costeras La Mancha (primary forest), Centro de Investigaciones Costeras La Mancha (secondary forest), Centro de Investigaciones Costeras La Mancha (active pasture), Jocotitlán (primary forest), El Oro de Hidalgo (mixed forest), San José Del Rincón (reforested forest), El Tángano Ecological Reserve Area, Joya-Barreta Ecological Park, El Cimatario National Park, La Cañada

New Caledonia: Rivière Bleue (1999), Rivière Bleue (2000)

Papua New Guinea: Popondetta

South Africa: Tussen-die-Riviere Game Farm (Acacia karoo), N3 Highway, Marakele National Park (M1), Satara area (large pitfall traps), Soutpansberg Mountain Range (woodland)

South Korea: Gwangneung Forest (2003), Gwangneung Forest (2012)

Spain: Benifallet

Thailand: Thong Pha Phum National Park (NF5), Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary (year 1, dry season), Sri Nan National Park (winter), Thong Pha Phum National Park (PL5), Khao Chong Botanic Garden (under Parashorea stellata tree crowns, dry season), Khao Chong Botanic Garden (under Parashorea stellata tree crowns, wet season)

United States: New York City medians, Reservoir Canyon, Bonham Creek (L1, pitfall traps), Vernon Hills (cheatgrass-dominated), Vernon Hills (sagebrush), McLaughlin Homestake Mining Co. (non-serpentine chaparral/pitfall), Tombigbee National Forest (Site 1)

Venezuela: Estación Biológica Alberto Fernández Yépez (Hojarasca 1225 m)

See also Pheidole 1P. 3, Pheidole 1P. 4, Pheidole 1P. 5, Pheidole 1P. 6, Pheidole 2 (megacephala), Pheidole 4 (minima), Pheidole 8 (crassinoda), Pheidole aberrans, Pheidole absurda, Pheidole algae, Pheidole alienata, Pheidole allarmata, Pheidole anastasii, Pheidole angulicollis, Pheidole annectens, Pheidole annexus, Pheidole arachnion, Pheidole arietans, Pheidole aripoensis, Pheidole aristotelis, Pheidole astur, Pheidole biconstricta, Pheidole bluntschlii, Pheidole boruca, Pheidole brandaoi, Pheidole browni, Pheidole buchholzi, Pheidole bufo, Pheidole butteli, Pheidole caepllinii, Pheidole californica, Pheidole campanae, Pheidole capellini, Pheidole capensis, Pheidole carinata, Pheidole cariniceps, Pheidole celaena, Pheidole ceres, Pheidole citrina, Pheidole crassicornis, Pheidole creightoni, Pheidole davisi, Pheidole decem, Pheidole dentata, Pheidole dentigula, Pheidole diligens, Pheidole diligens gp. sp. 10, Pheidole diligens gp. sp. 15, Pheidole diligens gp. sp. 9, Pheidole dolon, Pheidole elisae/sauberi, Pheidole excellens, Pheidole fallax, Pheidole fallax gp. sp. 11, Pheidole fallax gp. sp. 3, Pheidole fervida, Pheidole fimbriata, Pheidole fiorii, Pheidole flavens, Pheidole flavens gp. sp. 6, Pheidole gibbata, Pheidole hirsuta, Pheidole humeridens, Pheidole hyatti, Pheidole impressiceps, Pheidole indagatrix, Pheidole indica, Pheidole indistincta, Pheidole innupta, Pheidole JTL- 11, Pheidole JTL- 16, Pheidole JTL-081, Pheidole JTL-102, Pheidole JTL-103, Pheidole JTL-104, Pheidole JTL-111, Pheidole JTL-112, Pheidole JTL-127, Pheidole JTL-18, Pheidole JTL-24, Pheidole JTL-35, Pheidole JTL-50, Pheidole JTL-58, Pheidole kohli, Pheidole laselva, Pheidole latigena, Pheidole longipes, Pheidole longispinosa, Pheidole lucioccipitalis, Pheidole luteipes, Pheidole mackayi, Pheidole megacephala, Pheidole mendicula, Pheidole midas, Pheidole monteverdensis, Pheidole morrisi, Pheidole MS18, Pheidole MS4, Pheidole MS54, Pheidole MS56, Pheidole n. sp. B, Pheidole nebulosa, Pheidole nemoralis, Pheidole nietner, Pheidole nietneri, Pheidole nigricula, Pheidole nimba, Pheidole nitella, Pheidole nubicola, Pheidole nubila, Pheidole obscurifrons, Pheidole obscurithorax, Pheidole obtusopilosa, Pheidole otisi, Pheidole oxyops, Pheidole pallidula, Pheidole parva, Pheidole pedana, Pheidole pieli, Pheidole pilifera, Pheidole plagiaria, Pheidole planifrons, Pheidole plinii, Pheidole praetorum, Pheidole prostrata, Pheidole psammophila, Pheidole psilogaster, Pheidole pulchella, Pheidole punctatissima, Pheidole quadricuspis, Pheidole quinata, Pheidole rabo, Pheidole radoszkowskii, Pheidole rectispina, Pheidole retivertex, Pheidole rhombinoda, Pheidole roberti, Pheidole rogeri, Pheidole rugiceps, Pheidole rugifera, Pheidole ruida, Pheidole sagei, Pheidole scalaris, Pheidole scolioceps, Pheidole sculpturata, Pheidole sensitiva, Pheidole sharpi, Pheidole simonsi, Pheidole sinensis, Pheidole sp., Pheidole sp. 002, Pheidole sp. 005, Pheidole sp. 009, Pheidole sp. 014, Pheidole sp. 017, Pheidole sp. 023, Pheidole sp. 024, Pheidole sp. 027, Pheidole sp. 032, Pheidole sp. 039, Pheidole sp. 1, Pheidole sp. 1 (gp. fallax), Pheidole sp. 1 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 10, Pheidole sp. 10 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 11, Pheidole sp. 11 (flavens group), Pheidole sp. 11 (Group K), Pheidole sp. 11 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 12, Pheidole sp. 12 (diligensis group), Pheidole sp. 12 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 13, Pheidole sp. 13 (tristis group), Pheidole sp. 13 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 14, Pheidole sp. 14 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 15, Pheidole sp. 15 (flavens group), Pheidole sp. 15 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 16, Pheidole sp. 17, Pheidole sp. 17 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 18, Pheidole sp. 18 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 19, Pheidole sp. 19 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 2, Pheidole sp. 2 (gp. diligens), Pheidole sp. 2 (longiceps group), Pheidole sp. 2 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 20, Pheidole sp. 21, Pheidole sp. 21 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 22, Pheidole sp. 23, Pheidole sp. 23 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 24, Pheidole sp. 25, Pheidole sp. 25 (flavens group), Pheidole sp. 26, Pheidole sp. 27, Pheidole sp. 28, Pheidole sp. 28 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 29, Pheidole sp. 29 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 3, Pheidole sp. 3 (gp. fallax), Pheidole sp. 3 (temitophila group), Pheidole sp. 3 (variabilis gp.), Pheidole sp. 3 (variabilis group), Pheidole sp. 3 capensis group, Pheidole sp. 3 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 32, Pheidole sp. 33, Pheidole sp. 34, Pheidole sp. 35, Pheidole sp. 36 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 37 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 38, Pheidole sp. 4, Pheidole sp. 4 (fallax group), Pheidole sp. 4 (temitophila group), Pheidole sp. 4 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 40 (flavens complex), Pheidole sp. 41 (flavens complex), Pheidole sp. 44 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 45, Pheidole sp. 5, Pheidole sp. 5 (gp. diligens), Pheidole sp. 5 megacephala group, Pheidole sp. 5 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 55 (flavens complex), Pheidole sp. 6, Pheidole sp. 6 (flavens group), Pheidole sp. 6 (gp. flavens), Pheidole sp. 6 megacephala group, Pheidole sp. 6 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 7, Pheidole sp. 7 (fallax group), Pheidole sp. 7 (gp. fallax), Pheidole sp. 7 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 8, Pheidole sp. 8 (Group F), Pheidole sp. 8 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 8 speculifera group, Pheidole sp. 9, Pheidole sp. 9 of NZA, Pheidole sp. 9 termitophila group, Pheidole sp. A, Pheidole sp. B, Pheidole sp. B (Group F), Pheidole sp. B (variabilis group), Pheidole sp. C, Pheidole sp. C (longiceps group), Pheidole sp. D, Pheidole sp. D (Group C), Pheidole sp. D10, Pheidole sp. D28, Pheidole sp. D65, Pheidole sp. D66, Pheidole sp. D68, Pheidole sp. D9, Pheidole sp. E, Pheidole sp. E (ampla group), Pheidole sp. F (Group B), Pheidole sp. F (Group K), Pheidole sp. G, Pheidole sp. G (ampla gp.), Pheidole sp. H, Pheidole sp. H (Group E), Pheidole sp. I, Pheidole sp. J (Group K), Pheidole sp. K (ampla gp.), Pheidole sp. K (variabilis gp.), Pheidole sp. M (Group C), Pheidole sp. O (longiceps gp.), Pheidole spathifera, Pheidole specularis, Pheidole speculifera, Pheidole spininods, Pheidole spp., Pheidole subarmata, Pheidole subdentata, Pheidole susannae, Pheidole sussanae, Pheidole synarmata, Pheidole taivanensis, Pheidole tanyscapa, Pheidole tawauensis, Pheidole tepicana, Pheidole tjibodana, Pheidole transversostriata, Pheidole triconstricta, Pheidole tristis gp. sp. 1, Pheidole tristis gp. sp. 13, Pheidole tristis gp. sp. 4, Pheidole tristis gp. sp. 7, Pheidole tysoni, Pheidole UOVC_01 (megacephala gp.), Pheidole UOVC_02 (liengmei gp.), Pheidole UOVC_03 (megacephala gp.), Pheidole UOVC_05 (megacephala gp.), Pheidole UOVC_06 (crassinoda gp.), Pheidole UOVC_07, Pheidole UOVC_09 (crassinoda gp.), Pheidole UOVC_12, Pheidole vestita, Pheidole veteratrix, Pheidole watsoni, Pheidole woodmasoni, Pheidole yeensis