Ilex (tree)

Abundance: 0.15 to 27.63% (median 0.86%)

Latitudinal range: -27.9° to 38.9°

Habitats: temperate broadleaf/mixed forest (21), tropical/subtropical dry broadleaf forest (6), tropical/subtropical moist broadleaf forest (31), tropical/subtropical savanna (1), tropical/subtropical wetland (1)

Found in 60 samples

Australia: Pine Creek

Brazil: Restinga da Marambaia, Parque Natural Municipal de Lages, Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuária e Extensão Rural de Santa Catarina, Município de Lages (F1), Rio Cachoeira Natural Reserve (>100 years), Núcleo Picinguaba (2 m), Município de Lages (Araucaria Forest, edge), Município de Lages (Araucaria Forest, interior), Ilha de Marchantaria, Boa Ventura do São Roque, Mato do Silva

Brunei: Kuala Belalong

Cameroon: Mount Cameroon (P7), Mount Cameroon (P8), Mount Cameroon (P9)

China: Mt. Shennongjia

Ecuador: Volcán Pasochoa

Ethiopia: Masha

India: Zobawk, Raliang, Mawnai, Khasi

Indonesia: Mount Pangrango, Selat Panjang

Japan: University Forest, Ashiu Experimental Forest, Chichibu Mountains, River Segire (canopy-closed stands), River Segire (gaps), Aya (2009), Daisen Forest Reserve (opening), Takaragaike, Ken-Marubi Lava Flow

Madagascar: Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andohahela (plot 1)

Mexico: Cofre de Perote (site 1), La Mascota (transect 2)

Papua New Guinea: Marapamanda

Peru: Jenaro Herrera

Sri Lanka: Corbet’s Gap (cardamom plantation)

Tanzania: Mount Kilimanjaro (site a), West Usambara Catchment Forest (burnt), West Usambara Catchment Forest (unburnt)

Thailand: Mosingto, Khao Yai National Park (4 ha plot)

Uganda: Bwindi (Plot A), Bwindi (Plot B1), Bwindi (Plot B2), Bwindi (Plot C1)

United States: Mount Britton, Spruce Forests of the Allegheny Mountains, Central West Virginia, Kisatchie National Forest (longleaf-oak), Kisatchie National Forest (mixed pine-hardwood forest), Kisatchie National Forest (wet creek bottom), Sunrise Towhead Island, Plot UCSC-FERP, Highlands, Sipsey Wilderness, Seashore State Park (mesic forest plots)

See also Ilex ambigua, Ilex aquifolium, Ilex archiboldiana, Ilex arnhemensis, Ilex brevicuspis, Ilex chevalieri, Ilex cymosa, Ilex decidua, Ilex discolor, Ilex dumosa, Ilex edulis, Ilex embelioides, Ilex geniculata, Ilex glomerata, Ilex godajam, Ilex goshiensis, Ilex hapaensis, Ilex integerrima, Ilex integra, Ilex inundata, Ilex khasiana, Ilex liukiuensis, Ilex macropoda, Ilex maximowicziana, Ilex microdonta, Ilex mitis, Ilex montana, Ilex monticola, Ilex nayana, Ilex opaca, Ilex paraguariensis, Ilex pedunculosa, Ilex pernyi, Ilex rotunda, Ilex sp., Ilex sp. 1, Ilex theezans, Ilex umbellulata, Ilex urbaniana, Ilex walkeri, Ilex wallichii