Desmodus rotundus (bat)

Mass: 33.5 g based on Kuns and Tashian 1954, Tello et al. 2013, Aguirre et al. 2002, Barquez et al. 1999, Bernard 2001, da Rocha et al. 2015, Elizalde-Arellano et al. 2010, Estrada et al. 1993, Lawlor 1973, López González and García Mendoza 2006, Mena 2010, Patterson et al. 1996, Schondube et al. 2001, Studier et al. 1983, and ter Hofstede and Fenton 2005

Diet: sanguinivore based on Patterson et al. 1996, Cruz-Neto et al. 2001, Bernard 2002, Van Cakenberghe et al. 2002, Aguirre et al. 2003, Castro-Luna et al. 2007, Andrade et al. 2008, Kalko et al. 2008, Klingbell and Willig 2009, Loayza and Loiselle 2009, Ortêncio-Filho and Reis 2009, da Cunha et al. 2011, de la Peña-Cuéllar et al. 2012, Moras et al. 2013, Nobre et al. 2013, Shapiro and Bordignon 2014, de la Peña-Cuéllar et al. 2015, Miranda et al. 2015, and Preciado-Benítez et al. 2015

Abundance: 0.09 to 45.00% (median 2.34%)

Latitudinal range: -30.3° to 21.0°

Habitats: desert/xeric shrubland (1), temperate broadleaf/mixed forest (1), tropical/subtropical dry broadleaf forest (25), tropical/subtropical moist broadleaf forest (32), tropical/subtropical savanna (9), tropical/subtropical wetland (1)

Found in 69 samples

Belize: Lamanai

Bolivia: Espíritu, Estación Biológica Tunquini, Beni Biological Station–Biosphere Reserve (forest islands), Santuario de Vida Silvestre Cavernas de Repechón (cultivo), Santuario de Vida Silvestre Cavernas de Repechón (barbecho), Santuario de Vida Silvestre Cavernas de Repechón (bosque joven), Santuario de Vida Silvestre Cavernas de Repechón (bosque maduro)

Brazil: Pousada das Araras, Panga Ecological Reserve, Ilha da Marambaia, Area de Pesquisas Ecológicas do Guamá, Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project Reserves 1501 and 1401, Una (forests), Reserva Ecológica Carnijo, Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural Serra das Almas, Amanã Sustainable Development Reserve (terra firme high-water under-storey), São Paulo, Bragança, Augusto Correa, Serra Negra (south slope), Serra Negra (north slope), Parque Estadual do Rio Doce (Vinhático), Parque Estadual do Rio Doce (Campo de Pouso), Nova Xavantina (site 1, rainy season), Morro de São João, Middle São Francisco River, Sonora, Barreirinhas, Campo Verde, Fazenda Cauaia, Parque Estadual Vila Rica do Espírito Santo, Fazenda Intervales, Colonia Juliano Moreira, Fazenda Congonhas (native woodland), Fazenda Congonhas (reforested area), Una (cabrucas), Ilhéus (cabrucas), Estação Ecológica de Fechos, Curió Municipal Natural Park, Quinta da Boa Vista, Médio Rio Teles Pires, Serra da Guia, Morro do Coco

Colombia: La Reserva Natural La Montaña del Ocaso, Santuario de Fauna y Flora Otún Quimbaya

Costa Rica: Cañas

Guatemala: Tikal

Guyana: Burro-Burro River, Karisparu

Mexico: Los Tuxtlas Biological Research Station (forest fragment bats), Los Tuxtlas (forest, 1990 - 1992), Las Grutas, Chamela Biosphere Reserve (dry forest), Chamela Biosphere Reserve (semi-dry forest), Country Club Campestre, Cerro Tolistoque, Los Tuxtlas Biological Research Station (shaded plantation bats), Los Tuxtlas (cocoa plantation, 1990 - 1992), Misantla (bats, dry season), San Gabriel Mixtepec, Lacandona (riparian mature), Lacandona (riparian pasture)

Peru: Reserva Nacional Allpahuayo-Mishana, Santa Marta, Truenococha, Mishana, Valle de Pozuzo, Parque Nacional Cerros de Amotape

Size measurements:
♂ body mass18.0 gN = 1Kuns and Tashian 1954
♂ body mass19.5 gN = 1Kuns and Tashian 1954
♂ body mass21.0 gN = 1Kuns and Tashian 1954
body mass46 gN = 2Tello et al. 2013
body mass40.85 gN = 2Aguirre et al. 2002
body mass40.0 gN = 6Barquez et al. 1999
body mass65.0 gN = 2Bernard 2001
body mass34.4 gN = 25da Rocha et al. 2015
body mass33.1 gN = 18Elizalde-Arellano et al. 2010
body mass35 gN = 29Estrada et al. 1993
body mass27.8 gN = 7Lawlor 1973
body mass30.9 gN = 2Lawlor 1973
body mass30.6 gN = 15López González and García Mendoza 2006
body mass33.4 gN = 13Mena 2010
body mass26 gN = 1Patterson et al. 1996
body mass28.5 gN = 2Schondube et al. 2001
body mass32.8 gN = 4Studier et al. 1983
body mass34.1 gN = 11ter Hofstede and Fenton 2005

See also Desmodus