Bos taurus (ungulate)

Mass: 337 kg based on Young 1972

Abundance: 0.04 to 82.01% (median 12.80%)

Latitudinal range: -34.7° to 43.5°

Habitats: (30), Mediterranean woodland (1), desert/xeric shrubland (2), temperate broadleaf/mixed forest (8), tropical/subtropical dry broadleaf forest (10), tropical/subtropical moist broadleaf forest (5), tropical/subtropical savanna (6)

Biogeographic distribution: Palearctic, Central Asia, East Asia, Europe, Southwest Asia

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Found in 62 samples

Argentina: Acambuco

Australia: Kangaroo Valley (low cattle disturbance), Goonoo State Conservation Area (on-track, pre-baiting), Taunton National Park, Kurrajong (KP1)

Bangladesh: Atora Hill, Rajkandi

Brazil: Una and Arataca (cabruca), Private Reserve of Natural Heritage Recanto das Antas, Catimbau National Park

Canada: Irving-Johnston

China: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (camera traps), Tawendaliha, Xiariyamakebu, Hunchun National Reserve (winter), Hunchun National Reserve (summer), Wanglang Nature Reserve (2020), Foping National Nature Reserve (2020)

Colombia: Parque Nacional Natural Farallones de Cali (forest)

Ecuador: Refugio de Vida Silvestre Marina y Costera Pacoche

India: Takalghat, Naikund, Girawad, Khirsara (layer 1), Khirsara (layer 2), Malvan (Period I), Malvan (Period II), Bharatpur and Jagannathprasad, Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary (good habitat area), Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary (poor habitat area), Kunal - Period IA (Pre-Harappan - Layer 6), Kunal - Period IA (Pre-Harappan - Layer 7), Kunal - Period IB (Early Harappan - Layer 5), Vadnagar (Ghaskol Darwaza Area), Vadnagar (Khari Kui (Primary School-3) Area), Mitathal (Layer 2), Mitathal (Layer 3), Chandankhera (Period III: Satavahana), Chandankhera (Period IV: Vakataka), Agiabir (Period I - Narhan culture), Kotada Bhadli, Badmal (Period IB)

Namibia: Waterberg Plateau Park (surrounding flatlands), Waterberg Escarpment

Niger: Garumele (context 1), Garumele (context 2)

Nigeria: Gajiganna A, Gajiganna B

Paraguay: Isla Alta

South Africa: Between George and Karatara

Spain: El Mirador Cave

Tanzania: Tli’ika

Togo: Fazao-Malfakassa National Park (dry season), Fazao-Malfakassa National Park (wet season)

Tunisia: Doukanet el Khoutifa

Turkey: Koycegiz Wildlife Development Reserve

United Arab Emirates: Early ed-Dur (50 BC - 150 AD), Late ed-Dur (150 - 250 AD)

United States: Davis Mountain Preserve, Blue Grass Army Depot, West of US 287

Zimbabwe: Ingwezi Game Management Project

Size measurements:
♀ body mass282000 kgN = 54Young 1972
♂ body mass364300 kgN = 122Young 1972

See also Bos, Bos baikalensis, Bos gaurus, Bos grunniens, Bos javanicus, Bos mutus, Bos primigenius, Bos sauveli, Bos sp., Bos spp.