Canis lupus (carnivore)

Mass: 44 kg based on Ballard et al. 1991 and Ingles 1963

Diet: carnivore based on Kolenosky and Johnston 1967

Abundance: 0.04 to 45.24% (median 2.88%)

Latitudinal range: -37.3° to 68.8°

Habitats: Mediterranean woodland (4), desert/xeric shrubland (7), montane grassland (3), temperate broadleaf/mixed forest (15), temperate coniferous forest (3), temperate savanna (1), tropical/subtropical dry broadleaf forest (9), tropical/subtropical moist broadleaf forest (16), tropical/subtropical savanna (6), tundra (1)

Biogeographic distribution: Nearctic, Palearctic, Central Asia, East Asia, Europe, Southwest Asia

Found in 65 samples

Argentina: Acambuco

Australia: Goonoo State Conservation Area (on-track, pre-baiting), Ben Boyd National Park and Nadgee Nature Reserve, Taunton National Park, Groote Eylandt, Alyangula, Kurrajong (KP1)

Brazil: Estação Biológica de Santa Lúcia (primary forest), Tapiraí and Piedade Municipalities, Serra do Japi Biological Reserve (2009/2010), Quedas do Rio Bonito Ecological Park (camera trapping), Una and Arataca (forest), Una and Arataca (cabruca), Reserva Natural Vale (year 1), Iguaçu National Park, Reserva Biológica de Araras, Private Reserve of Natural Heritage Recanto das Antas

Bulgaria: Osogovo Mountain (Natura 2000 study), Osogovo Mountain (intensive study), Osogovo Mountain (opportunistic study)

China: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (camera traps), Altun Mountains, Gouli Region, Suojia Township, Mount Kalamaili Ungulate Nature Reserve, Guanyinshan Nature Reserve, Yanchiwan National Nature Reserve

Colombia: Parque Nacional Natural Farallones de Cali (forest), Parque Nacional Natural Farallones de Cali (scrub), Otún Quimbaya Flora and Fauna Sanctuary (2009), Otún Quimbaya Flora and Fauna Sanctuary (2010-1), Otún Quimbaya Flora and Fauna Sanctuary (2010-2), Otún Quimbaya Flora and Fauna Sanctuary (2011)

Croatia: Northern Velebit National Park

France: Salève

India: Similipal Tiger Reserve (camera traps), Akole Tahsil

Indonesia: Bawean Island (wet season), Bawean Island (dry season)

Israel: Shikma Biosphere Zone (summer), Shikma Biosphere Zone (winter)

Italy: Western Trento Province (2012)

Japan: Fujiyoshida City

Jordan: Dana Nature Reserve

Kyrgyzstan: Jangart Hunting Reserve (ridge)

Lebanon: Jabal Moussa Biosphere Reserve (spring)

Malaysia: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Oman: Southwest Dhofar Mountains

Romania: Southern Transylvania

South Africa: Between George and Karatara, Kloof/Hillcrest

Spain: Larraga

Switzerland: Zurich (movement photos)

Thailand: Khao Yai National Park, Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary

Turkey: Yaylacik Research Forest, Marmaris, Ciglikara Nature Reserve, Barhal Stream

United States: North Fork of the Cache la Poudre River, Raleigh-Durham, North of the Michigamme Reservoir, Dalton Highway, The Wilds

Yemen: Hawf

Size measurements:
♀ body mass41800 kgN = 14Ballard et al. 1991
♂ body mass47400 kgN = 17Ballard et al. 1991
♂ body mass25401 kgN = 1Ingles 1963
♂ total body length1500 mmN = 1Ingles 1963
♂ tail length400 mmN = 1Ingles 1963
♂ hind foot length255 mmN = 1Ingles 1963
♂ ear length105 mmN = 1Ingles 1963

See also Canis, Canis adustus, Canis aureus, Canis latrans, Canis lupis, Canis mesomelas, Canis sp.