Kanas National Nature Reserve
Basic information
Sample name: Kanas National Nature Reserve
Sample aka: Kanas River Valley

Reference: S. Cui, D. Chen, J. Wang, J. Sun, H. Chu, C. Li, and Z. Jiang. 2020. Camera-trapping survey on mammals and birds in the Kanas River Valley of Altai Mountains, Xinjiang, China. Biodiversity Science 28(4):435-441 [ER 3458]
Country: China
State: Xinjiang

Coordinate: 48° 53' N, 87° 24' E
Basis of coordinate: stated in text as range
Geography comments: "The reserve is located at the north-western end of China ... at the southern edge of the Altai-Sayan Ecoregion" in Altay Prefecture, Xinjiang, near the borders with Russia, Mongolia and Kazakhstan
"The total area of ​​the reserve is 220, 162 ha" and "the altitude range is 1000-4374 m, with a relative elevation difference of more than 3000 m"
Habitat: boreal forest/taiga
Protection: nature reserve
Substrate: ground surface
MAT: -0.2
WMT: 15.9
CMT: -16.0
MAP: 1060.0
Habitat comments: "The reserve is characterized by a temperate continental climate" with "an annual average temperature of -0.2℃"
"The Kanas River Valley (the area surveyed within the reserve) covers an area of ​​nearly 110 km2 and contains a typical Siberian Taiga forest natural landscape"
"The vegetation in the Kanas River Valley has obvious vertical distribution, mainly including mountain shrubs and grasses, coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forests, coniferous forests, alpine meadows and glacier snow belts"
"Typical plants include the Siberian pine (Pinus sibirica), Siberian spruce (Picea obovata) and so on..."
Life forms: carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals, birds
Sampling methods: no design, automatic cameras
Sample size: 1965
Years: 2014 - 2016
Nets or traps: 36
Net or trap nights: 12006
Camera type: digital
Cameras paired: no
Sampling comments: "The infrared cameras (Lieke Ltl-6210MC) were deployed to cover the entire Kanas River Valley, from the east of Kanas Lake to the edge of White Lake on the Sino-Russian border"
"In 2014-2016, infrared cameras were placed in sequence along the Kanas River valley in June each year, and the operating status of the cameras was checked from August to September; photos were stored and the batteries were replaced, so that the cameras could be kept operating during winter"
"The first camera was placed by the river, and the next camera was placed every 700-1000 m along the vertical contour ... to sample all habitat types in the survey area"
This specific layout method was "performed every 2-3 km along the valley direction, in order to maintain the spatial independence between different samples"
"The infrared camera monitoring sites covered all other habitats except the glacier snow zone, and each vegetation zone contained a certain proportion of camera sites"
"During summer and autumn, the height of the camera was generally 40-70 cm. However, due to the possible influence of snow, the height of the cameras were set to 1.5 m during winter"
Sample: 3816
Contributor: Benjamin Carter
Enterer: Benjamin Carter
Created: 2021-06-15 12:29:19
Modified: 2021-06-15 12:33:35
Abundance distribution
51 species
27 singletons
total count 1965
extrapolated richness: 123.3
Fisher's α: 9.569
geometric series k: 0.8680
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.6124
Shannon's H: 1.6176
Good's u: 0.9863
Each square represents a species. Square sizes are proportional to counts.